Grassroots CDC laboratory efficiency can reflect and influence a country's capacity for disease control and prevention, improving the efficiency of the grassroots CDC laboratory is very important to national CDC system, this article is based on DEA method, on the basis of clearly defining the concept of efficiency, more methods to build grassroots CDC laboratory efficiency evaluation index, taking China as an example, the grassroots CDC laboratory efficiency study, discusses the current problems in the development of grassroots CDC laboratory operation efficiency.
Using data from China National Health Development Research Center, combined with some public data from National Bureau of Statistics and China Health Statistics Yearbook data, use data envelopment analysis (DEA) to analyze the operation of China's grassroots CDC disease control laboratories from 2017 to 2019 Efficiency, input-output improvement value and total factor productivity changes.
From 2017 to 2019, the operational efficiency of grass-roots CDC laboratories in China showed a downward trend, and there was a serious problem of insufficient output, especially the grass-roots CDC laboratories in western China, which had the lowest operational efficiency. By analyzing the change of total factor productivity, it is found that the total factor productivity of grass-roots CDC laboratories in China generally shows a downward trend, and the technical level and management efficiency have declined to a certain extent, and the working ability of CDC laboratories has not been effectively improved.
The operational efficiency of grass-roots CDC laboratories is declining, and the technical level and management efficiency are declining. The unreasonable utilization of laboratory resources and unbalanced development are still outstanding, and the operational efficiency of laboratories needs to be further developed. Policymakers should pay attention to the imbalance of resource utilization and development of grass-roots CDC laboratories, give certain policy support to inferior CDC laboratories, and urge grass-roots CDC laboratories to strengthen management, improve technical level and management efficiency, increase the actual output of laboratories, and further enhance the working ability of grass-roots CDC laboratories.