The protective role of Professional Self-Concept and Job Embeddedness on Nurses’ Burnout: Structural Equation Modeling



Background and aim: Job embeddedness and professional self-concept are among the important nursing components, the existence of which help decrease occupational burnout among nurses. This study aimed to determine the protective role of Professional Self-concept and Job embeddedness on nurses’burnout.

Methods: This descriptive, correlational study had a predictive design and was conducted on nurses working in training and healthcare centers of Babol University of Medical Sciences in 2019. In total, 308 nurses were selected by stratified random sampling. In addition, data were collected using demographic characteristics questionnaire, Professional Self-concept questionnaire, Job embeddedness scale and nurses’ burnout questionnaire. Moreover, data analysis was performed in SPSS version 19 and LISREL version 8.54 using correlational statistics and structural equation modeling.

Findings: The results showed, there was a significant, negative relationship between Professional Self-concept and nurses’ burnout (a regression coefficient of -0.77). Meanwhile, an insignificant negative association was found between Job embeddedness and burnout (a regression coefficient of -0.07). The Job embeddedness and self-concept explained 33% of the variance in nurses’ burnout.

Conclusion: According to the results of the study, Professional Self-concept had an effective role in nurses’ burnout. In other words, the higher the Professional Self-concept of nurses, the lower their burnout. Therefore, it is suggested that effective interventional strategies be designed by nursing managers through better planning and a supportive workplace be established to improve Professional Self-concept among nurses and decrease their burnout.

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