|Author, title, year, location, language and periodical
||Type of study, sample profile
||Time, frequency and duration of intervention.
|DAITX et al. Limited utility of Kinesio Taping® in the physiotherapy treatment for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbation, 2018. Hospital Nossa Senhora dos Navegantes. English. Scopus
||ective, randomized, single-blind study; total n = 62. GI: n = 31, average age = 66.5. Gender [M / F]: Not specified. CG: n = 31, average age = 66.8. Gender [M / F]: Not specified.
||Respiratory muscle strength, FEV1, PEF and SpO2.
||GC: 1) Manual passive expiratory therapy during expiration. 2) Active mobilization of upper and lower limbs. 3) five minute walk. GI: received standard treatment beyond Kinesio Taping
||CG and GI: 3x10 repetitions of manual therapy and mobilization and 5 minutes of walking. 6 weeks
||Both groups showed improvements in respiratory muscle strength. Kinesio Taping improves SpO2 in non-hypoxic COPD exacerbated patients.
|GREULICH et al. Benefits of whole body vibration training in patients hospitalized for COPD exacerbations - a randomized clinical trial, 2014. University of Marburg. English.Pubmed.
||Randomized study; total n = 49. GI: n = 20, average age = 66.4. Sex [M / F]: 14/6; CG: n = 20, average age = 70.4. Gender [M / F]: 8/8.
||Exercise capacity, quality of life and circulating levels of irisine.
||CG: 5 min mobilization, 5 min passive and 10 min breathing exercises; GI: Standard program supplemented with supervised sessions on the WBV device.
||GC: 20 min, 24 hours. GI: 20 min + 3 × 2 min / day on WBV platform, 24 hours.
||GI significantly improved exercise capacity, quality of life, and serum levels of PGC1-α and irisine.
|DALMAGE et al. Arm elevation and coordinated breathing strategies in patients with COPD, 2013. Toronto, Canada. English. Pubmed
||Prospective, randomized and controlled study. n total = 51, GC: n = 12 mean age = 66, Gender [M / F] = 5/7. GI1: n = 12, mean age = 69, Sex [M / F] = 8/4. GI2: n = 12, mean age = 65, Gender [M / F] = 4/8
||Arm lift task resistance time.
||GC: 1: 2 inhalation and exhalation without instructions on breathing when lifting the bar. GI1: Inspiration when lifting the bar. GI2: Expiration o lifting the bar.
||All groups performed 4 teaching sessions and practiced the exercise until they reached an Inspiration: Expiration ratio of 1: 2. 2 weeks.
||GI1: Improved coordination index. GI2: Improved endurance time.
|OSADIK et al. Positive expiratory pressure via mask does not improve ventilation inhomogeneity more than huffing and coughing in individuals with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and chronic sputum expectoration, 2013. Melbourne. English. Scopus
||Randomized crossover study. total n = 12. CG: n = 12, mean age = 66, Sex [M / F] = 8/4. GI: n = 12, mean age = 66, Gender [M / F] = 8/4.
||Pulmonary function tests (MBNW, spirometry and volumes
|GC: Cough-controlled huffing. GI: PEP Therapy (10-20 cm H2O)
||GC: 5 total cycles (2 huffing and 2 coughs). GI: 5 total cycles using PEP. 4 days.
||There was no significant difference between the control and intervention groups, ie, a single PEP mask treatment did not improve ventilation heterogeneity or increase CRF.
|BEAUCHAMP, et al. A Randomized Controlled Trial of Balance Training During Pulmonary Rehabilitation for Individuals With COPD, 2013. West Park Healthcare Center. English. Pubmed
||Prospective, controlled and randomized study. total n = 36. CG: n = 18, average age = 67.1. Gender [M / F] = 8/10. GI: n = 21, average age = 71.9, Gender [M / F] = 7/14
||Balance tests (the Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Systems Test
Balance Assessment (BESTest) and the Activity-specific Balance Confidence Scale (ABC)). self-reported physical function (Short-Health Survey Questionnaire (PF-10)) and lower limb muscle strength (30-s chair test)
|GC: Received only standard lung rehabilitation (PR) program. GI: Standard PR and balance training.
||GC: 5x week physical training, daily breathing exercises and self-management education. 6 weeks GI: PR time and 30 min of balance training, 3x week. 6 weeks
||Both groups showed improvement, but GI had better results in balance, physical function and muscle strength of the lower limbs compared to CG.
|BLACKSTOCK, et al. Comparable improvements achieved in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease through pulmonary rehabilitation with and without a structured educational intervention: A randomized controlled trial, 2013. Australian Clinical Trials. English. Pubmed
||Randomized controlled trial. total n = 267. CG: n = 126, average age = 72.0. Gender [M / F]: 72/54. GI: n = 141, average age = 72.4. Gender [M / F]: 89/52.
||Functional exercise capacity (6MWD), specific HRQoL (CRQ), dyspnea (Medical Research Council dyspnea scale), overall HRQoL (AQoL Questionnaire), and self-reported efficacy.
||CG: Standard exercise training for COPD patients and exercise guide illustrated with daily home exercise. GI: Standard exercise training for COPD patients and educational program.
||GC: 5x week. 6 weeks GI: 5x week exercise training and 16 45min sessions of educational program.
||Both groups had similar significant improvements immediately after the intervention, and these were maintained comparatively for the subsequent 12 months. There was no significant difference between the two groups.
|KODRIC, et al. The effectiveness of a bronchial drainage technique (ELTGOL) in COPD exacerbations, 2009. University Hospital of Cattinara. English. Pubmed
||Randomized controlled trial. total n = 59, CG: n = 29, average age: 71.3, gender [M / F]: 21 \ 8, GI: n = 30, average age: 69.1, gender [M / F]: 20 / 10.
||Sputum volume, Length of stay, Dyspnea (Borg scale), Quality of life (St George Respiratory Questionnaire) and incidence of exacerbations.
||GC: Standard medical therapy. GI: Standard medical therapy and respiratory physiotherapy (ELTGOL) for 7 days. Sessions 30 to 40 minutes the amount of days in the week.
||GI: 30-40min, 2x daily, 7 consecutive days, plus standard medical therapy. 6 months beyond the individual hospital stay.
||Both groups had similar significant improvements in hospital discharge. In the long run there were no significant differences between the groups.
|GLOECKI et al. Effects of whole body vibration in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease - A randomized controlled trial, 2012. Bavaria. English. Pubmed
||Prospective, randomized and controlled study. total n = 82. CG: n = 40 mean age = 65, Sex [M / F] = 21/19. GI: n = 42, average age = 65, Sex [M / F] = 23/17
||Exercise capacity (6MWT, sit-to-stand), Pulmonary function, Quality of life and mortality risk (BODE)
||GC: Standard rehabilitation program and supervised squat exercises. GI: Standard rehabilitation program and supervised squat exercises on a full body vibrating plate.
||GC and GI: 3x 3 min squats, 3x week. 21 days.
||GI significantly improved the functional capacity of individuals.
|DOURADO et al. Effect of three exercise programs on patients with obstructive pulmonary disease chronic, 2009. Rehabilitation Center of Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). English. Lilacs.
||Prospective, randomized, single-blind study. total n = 13, CG: n = 3, average age = 62.1. Gender [M / F]: 7/4, GI1: n = 4, average age = 61.3. Gender [M / F]: 9/2. GI2: n = 6, average age = 65.4. Gender [M / F]: 10/3
||Quality of Life, functional exercise tolerance and respiratory and peripheral muscle strength.
||GC: TF and TGBI at half volume. GI1: 7 bodybuilding exercises with 50-80% workload. GI2: Walking with determined intensity and low intensity resistance training with free weights.
||GC: 30 min TF and 30 min TGBI. 12 weeks GI1: 3x12 repetitions, 12 weeks. GI2: 30 min walk and 30 min resistance training. 12 weeks
||Strength training associated with a COPD endurance training program increases the muscle strength of the upper limbs and lower limbs.
|LEGEND: GC: control group; GI: intervention group; M / F: male / female; WBV: whole body vibration; n: number; FEV1: forced expiratory volume in 1 second; PEF: peak expiratory flow; SpO2: oxygen saturation; TF: strength training; TGBI: low intensity general training; COPD: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease); 6MWT: 6-minute walk test; BODE: Obstructive Dyspnea Airflow Body Mass Index and Exercise Capacity Index; MBNW: multiple breath nitrogen flush tests; PEP: positive expiratory pressure; BBS: Berg Balance Scale; BESTest: Equilibrium Assessment Systems Test; ABC: Specific Activity Balance Confidence Scale; PF-10: subscale of physical function of the Short-Health Survey questionnaire; PR: pulmonary rehabilitation; HRQoL: health-related quality of life; CRQ: Chronic Respiratory Questionnaire; AQoL Questionnaire: quality of life assessment questionnaire; ELTGOL: Full slow exhalation with open glottis.