For any object with ﬁnite velocity, the relative velocity between them will aﬀect the eﬀect between them. This eﬀect can be called the chasing eﬀect (general Doppler eﬀect). LIGO discovered gravitational waves and measured the speed of gravitational waves equal to the speed of light c. Gravitational waves are generated due to the disturbance of the gravitational ﬁeld, and the gravitational waves will aﬀect the gravitational force on the object. We know that light waves have the Doppler eﬀect, and gravitational waves also have this characteristic. The article studies the following questions around gravitational waves: What is the spatial distribution of gravitational waves? Can the speed of the gravitational wave represent the speed of the gravitational ﬁeld (the speed of the action of the gravitational ﬁeld on the object)? What is the speed of the gravitational ﬁeld? Will gravitational waves caused by the revolution of the sun aﬀect planetary precession? Can we modify Newton’s gravitational equation through the inﬂuence of gravitational waves?