Given the important role of synchronous belts in the functioning of mechanisms, they are the subject of numerous studies and researches in order to define them more and more finely. Their mechanical characteristics influence the behavior in operation of the mechanisms that they entail. Also, the measurement of the characteristics of the longitudinal stiffness of the belt and the stiffness of the teeth is necessary to better control their behavior. In addition, these parameters constitute input data for models of lifetime and dynamic behavior of synchronous transmissions. An approach for the determination of longitudinal stiffness is presented. We have demonstrated a study comparing the measurement of the rigidity of a toothed belt by two methods. This is to qualify the first method of measurement through experimentation. And the second measurement method using the simulation of this toothed belt by SOLIDWORKS software.