In the current work, the chemical reactivity of some trivalent phosphorus derivatives R2PR' towards polyhaloalkanes CCI3POR''2 was studied by the quantum method DFT/B3LYP/6-311G (d,p). The introduction of substituents for the trivalent phosphorus derivative and polyhaloalkane allowed us to have more information on these reactions. On the one hand, the calculation of reactivity indices derived from the DFT/B3LYP/6-311G(d,p) method and the gapLUMO-HOMO show that trivalent organophosphorus derivatives behave as nucleophiles, while polyhaloalkanes act as electrophiles. On the other hand, the calculation of the activation barrier and the determination of the free enthalpy variation prove that the kinetic and thermodynamic products of these reactions result from the nucleophilic attack of the phosphorus atom on the chlorine halogen. All these theoretical predictions are in very good agreement with the experimental results.