Background: The primary aim of the retrospective study was to study whether the number of births in women ( primipara, multipara and grand multipara women ) the long term after deliveries has an impact on the development of Carpal tunnel syndrome ( CTS ).
Methods: Our study population is composed of patients who are referred with suspicion of CTS. Four hundred and fifty female patients ( 150 primara, 150 multipara and 150 grand multipara women ) referred to the electrophsiology laboratory with clinical suspicion CTS were included into the descriptive and retrospective study between November 2016 and June 2018. Primiparity, multiparity and grand multiparity were defined as women having 1, 2 – 5 and 6 - 9 deliveries, respectively. Patients who passed 2 years after their last birth were included in the study. All of the patients were assessed and compared in terms of electrophysiological CTS presence and degree of CTS. Also BMI was calculated for each patient and it compared among groups.
Results: The disease has not been changed with the number of births ( p > 0.05 ). The mean BMI of the primipara, multipara and grand multipara women were 28,06 ± 1,12 kg / m2, 27,59 ± 3,72 kg / m2 and 27,82 ± 3,11 kg / m2, respectively. There was no significant statistically difference in BMI among groups ( p > 0.05). However, the severity of the disease varies according to BMI ( p < 0.05 ). It was calculated that as the BMI increases, the severity of the disease increases.
Conclusions: Number of pregnancies in women ( primipara, multipara and grand multipara women ) concerning the long term after deliveries has not impact on the development of CTS. Other risk factors such as BMI may play a significant role in the development of CTS in these patients.