Background: Lung cancer is one of the most common cancers, with high morbidity and mortality. MiRNAs are proved to play important roles in various human cancers. In our study, we aimed to explore the prognostic value of miR-181 in lung cancer
Methods: Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (QRT-PCR) was used to detect the expression level of miR-181 in lung cancer tissues and the paired non-cancerous tissues. The relationship between miR-181 expression and clinicopathologic parameters were analyzed by chi-square test. Kaplan-Meier method with log rank test was applied for overall survival analysis. Furthermore, the Cox regression analyses were performed to evaluate the prognostic value of miR-181 in lung cancer.
Results: Down-regulated miR-181 expression was observed in lung cancer tissues (P<0.001), moreover, its expression was significantly correlated with TNM stage (P=0.015) and metastasis (P=0.000). In addition, lung cancer patients with lower miR-181 expression level had poorer overall survival than those with higher expression (log rank test, P=0.011). Cox regression analysis suggested that miR-181 was an independent prognostic factor for lung cancer (HR=1.961, 95%CI=1.135-3.388, P=0.016).
Conclusion: MiR-181 may be a tumor suppressor gene in lung cancer, which can predict outcomes for the patients.