1. WHO. Economics of tobacco toolkit: assessment of the economic costs of smoking. 2011.
2. Mathers M, Toumbourou J, Catalano R, Williams J, Patton GC. Consequences of youth tobacco use: a review of prospective behavioural studies. Addiction. 2006;101(7):948-58.
3. Rahnavard Z, Mohammadi M, Rajabi F, Zolfaghari M. An educational intervention using health belief model on smoking preventive behavior among female teenagers. Journal of hayat. 2011;17(3):15-26.
4. Bollyky TJ. Beyond ratification: the future for US engagement on international tobacco control. Center for Strategic and International Studies, Global Health Policy Center Report. 2010.
5. Petersen PE. Continuous improvement of oral health in the 21st century: the approach of the WHO Global Oral Health Programme. 2004.
6. Bartecchi CE, MacKenzie TD, Schrier RW. The human costs of tobacco use. New England Journal of Medicine. 1994;330(13):907-12.
7. Alexander W, Alexander L, Bader H, LaRosa J. New dimensions in women's healthbook alone. USA: Jones & Bartlett Pub; 2013.
8. Huang M, Hollis J, Polen M, Lapidus J, Austin D. Stages of smoking acquisition versus susceptibility as predictors of smoking initiation in adolescents in primary care. Addictive behaviors. 2005;30(6):1183-94.
9. Fleming CB, Kim H, Harachi TW, Catalano RF. Family processes for children in early elementary school as predictors of smoking initiation. Journal of Adolescent Health. 2002;30(3):184-9.
10. Ballard-Barbash R, Friedenreich CM, Courneya KS, Siddiqi SM, McTiernan A, Alfano CM. Physical activity, biomarkers, and disease outcomes in cancer survivors: a systematic review. Journal of the National Cancer Institute. 2012;104(11):815-40.
11. Warren CW, Lea V, Lee J, Jones NR, Asma S, McKenna M. Change in tobacco use among 13-15 year olds between 1999 and 2008: findings from the Global Youth Tobacco Survey. Global health promotion. 2009;16(2_suppl):38-90.
12. Deressa W, Azazh A. Substance use and its predictors among undergraduate medical students of Addis Ababa University in Ethiopia. BMC public health. 2011;11(1):660.
13. El Mhamdi S, Wolfcarius-Khiari G, Mhalla S, Salem KB, Soltani S. Prevalence and predictors of smoking among adolescent schoolchildren in Monastir, Tunisia. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal. 2011;17(6).
14. AMIN EM, RAHIMI MA, SAHIMI IE, Hefazi M, Razaghi EM, YOUSEFI NR. The prevalence of smoking among Iranian middle school students, a systematic review. 2007.
15. Williams PG, Holmbeck GN, Greenley RN. Adolescent health psychology. Journal of consulting and clinical psychology. 2002;70(3):828.
16. Pettit GS, Dodge KA. Violent children: Bridging development, intervention, and public policy. 2003.
17. Hammond SK. Global patterns of nicotine and tobacco consumption. Nicotine psychopharmacology: Springer; 2009. p. 3-28.
18. Johnston LD, O’Malley PM, Bachman JG, Schulenberg JE. Monitoring the Future national survey results on drug use, 1975-2006. Volume I: Secondary school students: Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse; 2007.
19. Barrett AE, Turner RJ. Family structure and substance use problems in adolescence and early adulthood: examining explanations for the relationship. Addiction. 2006;101(1):109-20.
20. Maisto SA, Connors GJ. Relapse in the addictive behaviors: Integration and future directions. Clinical Psychology Review. 2006;26(2):229-31.
21. Spoth RL, Guyll M, Day SX. Universal family-focused interventions in alcohol-use disorder prevention: cost-effectiveness and cost-benefit analyses of two interventions. Journal of Studies on Alcohol. 2002;63(2):219-28.
22. Mohammadkhani S, Rezaei JH. Relationship between cigarette and hookah smoking with individual, family and social factors in adolescents. 2016.
23. Jazaery A, Rafiee H, Nazari M. The attitudes of middle school students in Tehran about addiction. J University of social Welfare and rehabilitation science. 2003;5(19):34-74.
24. Khalili M. Pathology of the women’s participation in Iran’s contemporary society. Women Studies. 2008;5(2):114-23.
25. Ghahremani Germi M, Hasanzadeh M. The relative importance of organizational conditions in empowering managers. International Journal of Organizational Leadership. 2015;4:225-37.
26. Haggart M, Carey P. Community health promotion: Challenge for practice. London, Royal College of Nursing Pub. 2000.
27. Saffari M, Shojaeizadeh D, Ghofranipour F, Heydarnia A, Pakpour A. Health education & promotion-theories, models & methods. Tehran: Sobhan Pub. 2009:21-12.
28. Ehrhardt AA, Sawires S, McGovern T, Peacock D, Weston M. Gender, empowerment, and health: what is it? How does it work? Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999). 2009;51(Suppl 3):S96.
29. Solhi M, Abasi H, Hazavehei MM, Roshanaei G. Effect of educational intervention on empowerment of high school student in prevention of smoking. Razi Journal of Medical Sciences. 2014;21(118):52-63.
30. Gordon JR. A diagnostic approach to organizational behavior: Allyn & Bacon; 1993.
31. Hawkins JD, Catalano RF, Arthur MW. Promoting science-based prevention in communities. Addictive behaviors. 2002;27(6):951-76.
32. Panahi R, Ramezankhani A, Tavousi M, Osmani F, Niknami S. Predictors of Adoption of Smoking preventive behaviors among university students: Application of health belief model. J Educ Community Health. 2017;4(1):35-42.
33. Habibi M, Besharat M-A, Ferrer-Wreder L. A Comp Active Study of Smoking Prevention Indexes and Effect of Individual, Family, and Peers Risk Factors in Adolescent's Smoking: Smoker and Non-Smoker High School Students. Social Psychology Research 2012Win. 2011;1(4):19-44.
34. Sarvghad S, Dianat A. Comparison of learning styles and ways of problem solving in student orientation Humanities. Science and Technology, Engineering Journal of a new approach in the management of educational research. 2009.
35. Yuan HB, Williams BA, Fang JB, Pang D. WITHDRAWN: The relationship between self-directed learning readiness and problem solving in Chinese baccalaureate nursing students. Elsevier; 2012.
36. Parsian M, Hashemian K, Abolmaali K, Mirhashemi M. Prediction of drug attitude in adolescents based on family training risk factors for mental health in society: designing a model for prevention of addiction. Journal of Ardabil University of Medical Sciences. 2015;15(2):198-206.
37. Hitchcock JE, Schubert PE, Thomas SA. Community health nursing: Caring in action: Cengage Learning; 2003.
38. Morowatisharifabad M, Fadaeevash N, Allahverdipour H, Fallahzadeh H. Study Of Smoking Predictors Based On Prototype/Willingness Model Omong High School Students In Maragheh. 2012.
39. Li X, Mao R, Stanton B, Zhao Q. Parental, behavioral, and psychological factors associated with cigarette smoking among secondary school students in Nanjing, China. Journal of Child and Family Studies. 2010;19(3):308-17.
40. Hemchayat M. Predictors of Thai adolescent cigarette smoking according to the theory of planned behavior: University of Virginia; 2003.
41. MARVIN D. Social Learning Theory and Adolescent Cigarette Smoking: A Longitudinal Study. Social Problems. 1985;32(5).
42. Nofziger S, Lee H-R. Differential associations and daily smoking of adolescents: The importance of same-sex models. Youth & Society. 2006;37(4):453-78.
43. Hawkins JD, Weis JG. The social development model: An integrated approach to delinquency prevention. Developmental and life-course criminological theories: Routledge; 2017. p. 3-27.
44. Glanz K, Rimer BK, Viswanath K. Health behavior and health education: theory, research, and practice: John Wiley & Sons; 2008.
45. Ghasemi M, Sabzmakan L. Experiences of high school students about the predictors of tobacco use: A directed qualitative content analysis. J Educ Community Health. 2015;2(3):1-11.
46. Barati M, Niknami S, Hidarnia A, Allahverdipour H. Predictors of tobacco smoking in male adolescents in Hamadan based on the theory of planned behavior. J Educ Community Health. 2014;1(3):28-37.