Background: Sigmoid colon cancer is a common type of colon cancer; it refers to tumor lesions occurring in the segment approximately 16 cm to 50 cm from the anal margin. Currently, surgical resection is the most effective treatment for non-metastatic sigmoid colon cancer. Therefore, to more accurately standardize colon cancer surgery, we classified the sigmoid colon into distal and proximal segments. This study compares and analyzes the intraoperative situation, postoperative pathology and safety of radical resection of sigmoid cancer in different locations from different aspects.
Result: The patients with sigmoid colon tumor can be divided into distal group (16-30cm from the anus) and proximal group (31-50cm from the anus) according to the distance between the tumor and the anal margin.
Conclusion: The patients in the distal group using stapler for intestinal anastomosis and anal decompression tube were significantly more than those in the proximal group. For the ligation of the inferior mesenteric artery, high ligation was usually used or the left colic artery was usually preserved in the distal group, and the superior rectal artery was usually retained in the proximal group. The incidence of postoperative complications in the distal group was higher than that in the proximal group, but there was no significant difference between the two groups.