Aim: The aim of the study was to evaluate the function of Complex I by measuring NADH dehydrogenase [ubiquinone] iron-sulfur protein 8 serum level and the relationship with insulin resistance in type 1 diabetes. T1DM causes adverse changes in the mitochondria, which can influence the development of chronic complications. The NADH dehydrogenase [ubiquinone] iron-sulfur protein 8 (NDUFS8 protein) is a subunit of NADH dehydrogenase and plays an important role in the mitochondrial function. NDUFS8 serum concentration probably reflects the function of mitochondria.
Methods: All of 36 people suffer from T1DM. All participants were treated with functional intensive insulin therapy. NDUFS8 protein serum concentration was measured using the ELISA test. Insulin resistance was evaluated with indirect marker estimated glucose disposal rate (eGDR). The group was divided on the base of median value of eGDR (higher eGDR – less IR).
Results: The study group consisted of 12 women and 24 men, aged 39.5 (28.0-46.5) years with the duration of the disease 22 (15-26) years. Medians of eGDR and NDUFS8 protein concentration were 7.6 (5.58-8.99) mg/kg/min and 2.25 (0.72-3.81) ng/ml, respectively. The group with higher insulin sensitivity had higher NDUFS8 protein serum concentration, lower WHR, BMI and they were younger. A negative correlation was observed between NDUFS8 protein serum concentration and WHR (rs=-0.35,p=0.03), whereas a positive correlation was observed between NDUFS8 protein serum concentration and eGDR (rs=0.43,p=0.008). Multivariate linear regression confirmed a significant association between insulin sensitivity and better mitochondrial function (beta=0.54,p=0.003), independent of age, duration of diabetes and smoking.
Conclusions: Higher NDUFS8 protein serum concentration is associated with higher insulin sensitivity among people with T1DM and might reflects better mitochondrial function.