Photothermal microscopy has enabled highly sensitive label-free imaging of absorbers, from metallic nanoparticles to chemical bonds. Photothermal signals are conventionally detected via modulation of excitation beam and demodulation of probe beam using lock-in amplifier. While convenient, the wealth of thermal dynamic is not revealed. Here, we present a lock-in free, mid-infrared photothermal dynamic imaging (PDI) system by MHz digitization and match filtering at harmonics of modulation frequency. Thermal-dynamic information is acquired at nanosecond resolution within single pulse excitation. Our method not only increases the imaging speed by two orders of magnitude, but also obtains four-fold enhancement of signal-to-noise ratio over lock-in counterpart, enabling high-throughput metabolism analysis at single-cell level. Moreover, by harnessing the thermal decay difference between water and biomolecules, water background is effectively separated in mid-infrared PDI of living cells. This ability to nondestructively probe chemically specific photothermal dynamics offers a valuable tool to characterize biological and material specimens.