Background: Right ventricular (RV) failure induced by sustained pressure overload is a major contributor to morbidity and mortality in several cardiopulmonary disorders. Reliable and reproducible animal models of RV failure are important in order to investigate disease mechanisms and effects of potential therapeutic strategies. To establish a rat model of RV failure perfectly, we observed the right ventricle and carotid artery hemodynamics characteristics in different degrees of pulmonary artery banding of rats of different body weights.
Methods: Rats were subjected to 6 groups：control(0%, n=5)(pulmonary arterial banding 0%), PAB(1-30%, n=4)(pulmonary arterial banding1-30%), PAB(31-60%, n=6)(pulmonary arterial banding31-60%),PAB(61-70%, n=5)(pulmonary arterial bandin61-70%), PAB(71-80%,n=4)(pulmonary arterial banding71-80%), PAB(100%, n=3)(pulmonary arterial banding 100%). We measured the right ventricular pressure(RVP) by right heart catheterization when the pulmonary arterial was ligated.
Results: The RVP gradually increased with increasing degree of banding, but when occlusion level exceeding 70%, high pressure state can be only maintained for a few minutes or seconds, and then the RVP drops rapidly until it falls below the normal pressure, which in Group F particularly evident.
Conclusions: RVP have different reactions when the occlusion level is not the same, and the extent of more than 70% ligation is a successful model of acute right heart failure. These results may have important consequences for therapeutic strategies to prevent acute right heart failure.