Background: Atypical lipomatous tumors/well-differentiated liposarcomas (ALT/WDLPS) are low-grade, slow-growing, and locally aggressive tumors. We investigated clinical outcomes and recurrence factors for ALT/WDLPS of the extremities.
Patients and Methods: The variables were evaluated as potential recurrence factor using Fisher’s exact test. The 5-year recurrence-free survival (RFS) rate was calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method, and differences in survival were assessed using a log-rank test in univariate analyses.
Results: Sixty-two patients were identified, including 29 men and 33 women. The median age was 63.7 years (range, 34–82 years). The average maximum tumor diameter was 15.9 cm (range, 5–28 cm). The maximum tumor diameter (≥20 cm) was significantly associated with local recurrence (p=0.049). Ten patients (16.1%) developed local recurrence, and the mean time to recurrence was 48.4 months (range, 5–161 months).
Tumor diameter ≥20 cm was identified as a risk factor for recurrence.