As a quantitative evaluation method, the ecological footprint theory analysis method (EFA) is a frontier subject in the field of sustainable development. The production activities of human beings will inevitably produce certain consumption, including the occupation of natural resources, consumption of W and the production of waste, which will have a certain impact on the ecological environment, just as one foot on the ground will leave footprints. On the other hand, the ecological environment itself will also provide a certain bearing capacity, supply human material consumption. The ecological footprint theory is to quantitatively convert the material consumption produced by human activities into the biological productive land area, and compare it with the supply area in the study area. Since Rees put forward the theory of ecological footprint, the development of ecological footprint model has gone from one-dimensional model to two-dimensional model, and from two-dimensional model to three-dimensional model. This paper reviews the evolution of ecological footprint model from four aspects: scientific problem, model connotation, interpretation ability and application direction, in order to cause new thinking on ecological footprint model.