Global pandemics by influenza or coronaviruses cause severe disruptions to the public health and lead to severe morbidity and mortality. Vaccines against these pathogens remain a medical need. CMV (cytomegalovirus) is a β-herpesvirus that induces uniquely robust immune responses, where outstandingly large populations of antigen-specific CD8+ T cells are maintained for a lifetime. Hence, CMV has been proposed and investigated as a novel vaccine vector expressing antigenic peptides or proteins to elicit protective cellular immune responses against numerous pathogens. We generated two recombinant murine CMV (MCMV) vaccine vectors expressing the hemagglutinin (HA) of influenza A virus (MCMVHA) or the spike protein of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (MCMVS). A single shot of MCMVs expressing either viral protein induced potent neutralizing antibody responses, which strengthened over time. Importantly, MCMVHA vaccinated mice were protected from illness following challenge with the influenza virus, and we excluded that this protection was due to effects of memory T cells. Conclusively, we show here that MCMV vectors do not only induce long-term cellular immunity, but also humoral responses that provide long-term immune protection against clinically relevant respiratory pathogens.