To improve the mechanization of strawberry planting integration and the efficiency of fetching and transplanting seedlings, an integrated transplanting mechanism with protruding, fetching and planting is designed. This new device can realize rapid fetching and pushing bowl movements. The working principle of the slewing mechanism is analyzed, a kinematics model of the mechanism is established, and the optimization goal is established. Visual auxiliary analysis software is developed, optimized parameters are established, and the corresponding theoretical trajectory is provided. A three-dimensional model is established and a virtual simulation design analysis is performed to obtain a simulation trajectory. Three-dimensional printing technology is used to manufacture the test prototype, and the actual working trajectory of the test prototype is extracted using high-speed photography technology, which verifies the consistency of the actual trajectory with the theoretical and simulated trajectories. A prototype transplanting experiment is performed, showing that the success rate of seedling extraction is 91.2% and the rate of excellent planting is 82.8%, which meet the requirements for integrated strawberry harvesting, planting and transplanting and verify the correctness and feasibility of the mechanism design.