Study on the Causes of Secondary Cracks of the Eave Wall Mural of Daxiong Hall at Fengguo Temple in Yixian, Liaoning, China
Built in Kaitai nine years of Liao Dynasty (1020 A.D.), the Daxiong Hall of Fengguo Temple in Yixian County, Liaoning Province, is one of the largest existing ancient single-eave wooden structure in China. There are nearly 470m 2 murals of Yuan Dynasty on the four walls of the hall. Since the in-situ reinforcement and protection of the mural were carried out in the 1980s in cooperation with the maintenance and restoration project of the main hall, the seriously developed cracks have become the primary factor affecting the structural stability of the mural. In order to find out the macroscopic causes of secondary cracks, endoscope, infrared thermal imager, three-dimensional laser scanner and other equipment were applied to study the relations between cracks’ attitude and structural defects of the eave wall, as well as the pathway that external environment act on the mural noumenon through comprehensive investigation, and the idea of restoring the stability of the mural by blocking the air channel and offsetting the environmental stress is put forward.