Jets are ubiquitous in the universe[1,2]. The radio jet is a beamed plasma flow with relativistic speed accelerated by a supermassive black hole in some galaxies. Recent observations of the relativistic jet in the elliptical galaxy M87 have discovered a triple-ridge sub-structure in the jet at a distance of one thousand Schwartzchild radius from the black hole [3,4]. The triple-ridge structure may be the first strong evidence of the spine-sheath structure consisting of the fast spine region (jet spine) and relatively slow sheath region (jet sheath), which was hypothetically introduced to explain observational features in various unresolved relativistic jets [5,6]. However, the formation mechanism of such a spine-brightened jet is quite enigmatic. Here we report that the combination of the magnetic pinching force induced by an electron-scale shear-instability called Mushroom instability and the high-energy electron ejections by the subsequent magnetic reconnection leads to the drastic accumulation of high-energy electrons in the center of the cylindrical jet. The concentration of high-energy electrons towards the jet center indicates the appearance of bright jet-spine as observed in M87. Thus, the electron-scale, microscopic processes would play an important role in the structure formation and generation of high-energy components in the relativistic jets.
Rererences:  Frank, A. etal. Jets and Outflows from Star to Cloud: Observations ConfrontTheory. InBeuther, H., Klessen, R. S., Dullemond, C. P. & Henning, T. (eds.) Protostars and Planets VI, 451 (2014).  Blandford, R., Meier, D. & Readhead, A. Relativistic Jets from Active Galactic Nuclei. ARA&A 57, 467–509 (2019).  Asada, K., Nakamura, M. & Pu, H.-Y. Indication of the Black Hole Powered Jet in M87 by VSOP Observations. ApJ833, 56 (2016).  Hada, K. The Structure and Propagation of the Misaligned Jet M87. Galaxies 5, 2 (2017).  Laing, R. A. & Bridle, A. H. Relativistic models and the jet velocity field in the radio galaxy3C 31. MNRAS 336, 328–352 (2002).  Ghisellini, G., Tavecchio, F. & Chiaberge, M. Structured jets in TeV BL Lac objectsand radiogalaxies. Implications for the observed properties. A&A 432, 401–410 (2005).  Alves, E. P., Grismayer, T., Fonseca, R. A. & Silva, L. O. Transverse electron-scale instability in relativistic shear flows. PhRvE 92, 021101 (2015).