Analysis of road traffic accident data was done for Ethiopia as a whole.
Data of RTA from July 2007- July 2009 E.C was collected, analyzed, and interpreted from June 20 to August 30/2017.
Ethiopian calendar lags seven to eight years behind Gregorian Calendar (G.C). From September to December it lags seven years and January to August lags eight years. It started in September and ends in August. In addition to this Ethiopian Fiscal Year (EFY) is considered to be the budget year which started in July and ends in June of next year. Electronic Health Management Information System (eHMIS) report starts during June and ends in July similar to EFY (Table 1). therefore the analysis of this data was done based on eHMIS report which starts in July and ends next year's June.
Table 1: comparison of the Gregorian calendar with the Ethiopian calendar. (Constructed by principal author)
Retrospective record review of three years eHMIS data was conducted.
Total population of Ethiopia who exposed to an injury during study years.
all Ethiopian population from 2007 to 2009 EFY.
Data Collection Procedure
Secondary data of RTI for consecutive three years from eHMIS database was accessed and the record was reviewed retrospectively for three years (2007–2009 EFY) at the Federal Ministry of Health of Ethiopia. The national database was used for accessing total cases captured by eHMIS throughout the whole of Ethiopia during the three years.
eHMIS - Electronic Health Information System (eHMIS) is a health facility-based electronic reporting system that filled by trained nurses every month. Theoretically, eHMIS is supposed to capture all RTI cases who come to health facilities and report centrally to the Federal Ministry of Health (FMOH) database. It is electronic documentation that will follow the principle of lossless collection of information at the source. Captures the clinical term or cause of death with the exact wording reported by the health provider.
Injury – according to ICD, injury means physical or physiological bodily harm occurred secondary to interaction of the body with energy; usually has an immediate reaction to a well-defined event .
Road Traffic injury – is an injury resulting from a traffic collision, occurs when a vehicle collides with another vehicle, pedestrian, animal, road debris, or other stationary obstruction, such as a tree, pole, or building. According to ICD − 10, it is classified into multiple identifications based on the victim’s mode of transport and the victim’s counterpart. Victim’s mode of transport is categorized as to whether he/she is pedestrian, pedal cyclist, a motorbike rider, the occupant of the three-wheels vehicle, car occupant, occupant of the car, pickup or van, occupant of the heavy transport vehicle, and bus occupant. Similarly, mode of transport of counterpart also classified as a pedestrian, pedal cyclist, motorbike rider, occupant of the three-wheels vehicle, car occupant, occupant of the car, pickup or van, transport vehicle or bus, railway train or railway vehicle, other nonmotor vehicles, a fixed or stationary object, no collision and unspecified.
Data Analysis Procedure
The data were retrieved from the national eHMIS database, entered to and analyzed by Microsoft Excel 2010. Descriptive statistics including proportion, percentage, frequency of sexes, age category, and place of residency to summarize the data; tables, and figures, were used for presenting the findings. The incidence of road traffic injury (RTI) was calculated per 100000 population for all regions of Ethiopia.
During data collection and analysis variables such as age category, and sex concerning time and place were considered accordingly.
Exclusion and inclusion criterion
All data extracted from the database was used since it is formatted initially.
Official letter was written from, FMOH field epidemiology coordinator to Policy and planning Directorate to access eHMIS database.