Transcriptome-wide association studies (TWAS) explore genetic variants affecting gene expression for association with a trait. Here we studied coronary artery disease (CAD) using this approach by first determining genotype-regulated expression levels in nine CAD relevant tissues by EpiXcan in two genetics-of-gene-expression panels, the Stockholm-Tartu Atherosclerosis Reverse Network Engineering Task (STARNET) and the Genotype-Tissue Expression (GTEx). Based on these data we next imputed gene expression in respective nine tissues from individual level genotype data on 37,997 CAD cases and 42,854 controls for a subsequent gene-trait association analysis. Transcriptome-wide significant association (P < 3.85e-6) was observed for 114 genes, which by genetic means were differentially expressed predominately in arterial, liver, and fat tissues. Of these, 96 resided within previously identified GWAS risk loci and 18 were novel (CAND1, EGFLAM, EZR, FAM114A1, FOCAD, GAS8, HOMER3, KPTN, MGP, NLRC4, RGS19, SDCCAG3, STX4, TSPAN11, TXNRD3, UFL1, WASF1, and WWP2). Gene set analyses showed that TWAS genes were strongly enriched in CAD-related pathways and risk traits. Associations with CAD or related traits were also observed for damaging mutations in 67 of these TWAS genes (11 novel) in whole-exome sequencing data of UK Biobank. Association studies in human genotype data of UK Biobank and expression-trait association statistics of atherosclerosis mouse models suggested that newly identified genes predominantly affect lipid metabolism, a classic risk factor for CAD. Finally, CRISPR/Cas9-based gene knockdown of RGS19 and KPTN in a human hepatocyte cell line resulted in reduced secretion of APOB100 and lipids in the cell culture medium. Taken together, our TWAS approach was able to i) prioritize genes at known GWAS risk loci and ii) identify novel genes which are associated with CAD.