This study analyzes the impact pressure in the Yuejin and Qianqiu coal mines in the Yimei mine area, and shows that rock bursts may be caused by damage to the overburden gravel strata caused by coal seam mining and unreasonable mining layout. Rock burst microseismic signals from the Yuejin and Qianqiu mines show that the duration of the vibration waveform is greater than 0.06 s. The fast Fourier transform shows that the low-frequency component of the rock burst accounts for a large proportion, with the main frequency being concentrated in the range between 5 and 50 Hz. A numerical simulation scheme was designed, and the extended D-P strength criterion was adopted to select the distributed load of a sinusoidal pulse in the load waveform as the dynamic load. The plastic strain energy density distribution is used to measure the tendency of the surrounding rock to impact the roadway. By changing the shock position, wave frequency, disturbance intensity, tunnel section shape, and buried depth, it is seen that when a (vibration wave amplitude) = 2.0 m/s2, f (vibration wave frequency) = 40 Hz, H (roadway buried depth) = 1000 m, θ (the angle between the impact position of the seismic wave and the center of the roadway) = 180°, and the roadway section is horseshoe-shaped, the tendency of the surrounding rock to impact the roadway is higher. Under the same conditions, the impact tendency of the surrounding rock on the roadway is the smallest and second smallest when the roadway is circular and straight-wall arched, respectively.