CoFe2O4@SiO2/HKUST-1 as a novel three-metallic magnetic metal-organic framework (MMOF) has been favorably synthesized via a simple self-assembly method. For this purpose, CoFe2O4@SiO2 was functionalized by Glutaric anhydride and 3-(triethoxysilyl)propylamine and then HKUST-1 was synthesized on the surface of CoFe2O4@SiO2. Powder X-ray diffractometry (XRD), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET), vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM), and simulated thermal analyzer (STA) were utilized to characterize the as-prepared samples. The methylene blue (MB) removal efficiency of CoFe2O4@SiO2/HKUST-1 has been set by examining factors such as the effect of pH, concentration of dye, amount of adsorbent, and components of a compound. Up to 100 percent dye removal in short reaction times and water media was reached in alkaline pH, by increasing the dose of adsorbent and in the presence of CoFe2O4@SiO2 and CoFe2O4@SiO2/HKUST-1 compounds. Freundlich adsorption isotherm that uses to describe the ongoing adsorption was found to be best fitted for the adsorption process.
Based on pseudo-first-order, pseudo-second-order, and intraparticle diffusion kinetic equations, the pseudo-second-order kinetic model with rate constant (k2) 4 x10-3 g/mg.min is best fitted for adsorption methylene blue, indicating that removal of dye takes place dominantly through the chemisorption process.