Biomedical studies is among the multidisciplinary studies attracting most interest in recent years. Blood and vessel interactions and consequent hemodynamic effects cause cardiovascular diseases. A testing setup constituted by a peristaltic pump (similar to the heart mechanism) system was installed. The purpose of the experimental study presented is to investigate the effect, pressure drop, peristaltic pump inlet and outlet pressure and most importantly, the amount of power consumed by the peristaltic pump regarding arterial stenosis severity with varying areal stenosis percentages. The tests were performed for the pulse values from 54 to 168 bpm by setting up models with 0%, 60%, 70% and 80% symmetrical stenosis severities.
In the study, the pressure difference in the test area increased concomitantly with elevated pulse value and increased stenosis severity. This situation revealed that as the intensity of narrowing increases in vessels, the narrowing space differential pressure increases, and this amount increases even more with increased exertion. The pressure at the peristaltic pump outlet increased concomitantly with elevated pulse value and increased stenosis severity. The peristaltic pump overworked to overcome the increased differential pressure related to the increased pulse value and stenosis severity. This result of the experimental data reveals the necessity to avoid activities requiring high pulse in human arteries similarly with a high percentage of stenosis.