Mankind has observed various pandemics throughout the history like the Middle East respiratory syndrome and severe acute respiratory syndrome. Now we are observing a very tough time once again fighting novel COVID-19 coronavirus[1, 2].
Novel COVID-19 coronavirus are highly pathogenic and large-scale epidemic coronavirus into the human population in the twenty-first century. Outbreak of the COVID-19 started with the report of a first suspected case on December 8, 2019 in Wuhan, China. Due to the sudden outbreak of the COVID-19, China’s health system is being verified for its effectiveness in responses. Although the outbreak has brought huge socioeconomic loss, the public health system for emergency events in China will be undoubtedly much improved in the near future. Moreover, public reporting has become an accumulative advantage for China to collaborate with the WHO and other countries.The occurrence of this epidemic may follow a nonlinear, chaotic and catastrophic process, rather similar to the epidemic of SARS that occurred in Hong Kong in 2003.
Based on the latest WHO report, the number of infected people (over 1518719 globally, updated on 9 April 2020) and 88502 deaths. World Health Organization (WHO) declares to be effect in whole world wide to minimize spread of corona virus. Public health and social measures are measures or actions by individuals, institutions, communities, local and national governments and international bodies to slow or stop the spread of COVID-19. These measures to reduce transmission of COVID-19 include individual and environmental measures, detecting and isolating cases, contact-tracing and quarantine, social and physical distancing measures including for mass gatherings, international travel measures, and vaccines and treatments. While vaccines and specific medications are not yet available for COVID-19, other public health and social measures play an essential role in reducing the number of infections and saving lives. Social and physical distancing measures aim to slow the spread of disease by stopping chains of transmission of COVID-19 and preventing new ones from appearing .
Corona virus case started with the report of first suspected case on March 13, 2020 in Addis Ababa. The case, which was announced on the 13th march 2020, is the first one to be reported in Ethiopia since the beginning of the outbreak in china in December2019.
To focus on containment in the narrowing window of available time, WHO, in collaboration with Ethiopian public health institute (EPHI), immediately started working to identify the contacts of the patient, from the patient entered in Ethiopia to the time of diagnosis of this first case. Human-to-human transmission of COVID-2 occurs mainly between family members, including relatives and friends who intimately contacted with patients or incubation carriers.
Some studies have been done on the comprehensive outbreak of corona virus that swept the world wide and highly contagious in human to human transmission affinity in this twenty first century. A recent researcher suggested that the virus primarily spreads through the respiratory tract, by droplets, respiratory secretions, and direct contact with a low infective dose[3, 5]. Huang study revealed that 49% of people who died of COVID-19 were aged 25–49 years, 34% were aged 50–64 years, and 17% were aged 65 years and above.
COVID-19 Related studies conducted in China and other states have focused mainly on the epidemiologic and clinical characteristics disease infectious[2, 7, 8] ,the Clinical features of patients with COVID-19, the reasons of transmission[3, 9, 10] and symptoms and associated factors[3, 5, 7, 8, 10]. Evidence form the aforementioned studies in china was highly versatile and the results are inconclusive as the outbreak source is elusive. Even in Ethiopia, no study has yet focused on the novel corona virus seizure since there is scarcity of reliable and documented evidence on the prevalence rate among gender disparity in the country. Therefore, the current study to study the prevalence rate among gender disparity in confirmed cases of novel corona virus patients. The study will provide up-to-date grounds for public health institute and the physician’s for their appropriate intervention during quarantine period.