The present study aims to examine the long-run and short-run effects of economic development, energy consumption pattern, trade openness and urbanization on environmental quality in ten Asian most populous economies. The analysis examines panel data from 1988 to 2018 by employing an Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) approach. The results indicate that the struggles to raise development are increasing the CO 2 emissions in these emerging populous countries. Moreover, the utilization of non-renewable energy sources (gas, coal, oil) is associated with high carbon emissions affecting environmental quality adversely and worsening the atmosphere at the zonal level too. Furthermore, the empirical findings highlight that urbanization and trade openness partake to the reduction of CO 2 emission and hence are considered environmental friendly. Finally, the government should formulate the strategies which help to reduce the use of non-renewable energy sources and promote the consumption of efficient gas energy source to raise development and better environmental quality in populous countries of Asia and hence the strategies will be helpful for the comfort and happiness of this part of the emerging region.