This paper is concerned with the tracking control of a class of uncertain strict-feedback systems subject to partial loss of actuator effectiveness, in addition to uncertain model dynamics and unknown disturbances. A resilient anti-disturbance dynamic surface control method is proposed to achieve stable tracking regardless of partial actuator faults. First, data-driven adaptive extended state observers are designed based on memory-based identifiers, such that the uncertain model dynamics, external disturbances, and the unknown input gains due to actuator faults can be estimated. Next, a resilient anti-disturbance dynamic surface controller is developed based on recovered information from the data-driven adaptive extended state observers. After that, it is proven that the cascade system formed by the observer and controller is input-to-state stable. Finally, comparative studies are performed to validate the efficacy of the resilient anti-disturbance dynamic surface control method for nonlinear strict-feedback systems subject to partial loss of actuator effectiveness.