Introduction: Previous studies have demonstrated that COVID-19 pandemic has had negative psychological consequences in healthcare professionals, however, few of them concentrate on pediatricians’ experience. The aim of this study is to evaluate anxiety among spanish pediatricians after the first COVID-19 wave as well as to identify possible risk factors.
Material and Methods: A transversal and multicentric study of questionnaires was designed. Demographic, socio-familiar and laboral information was collected, as well as emotional self perception information, psychosomatic symptoms, tobacco consumption and psychotropic treatment. Participants fulfilled the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI).
Results: 440 questionnaires were registered. Globally, 42.2% of the participants expressed moderate-intense anxiety symptomatology according to the Anxiety-State scale and 26.8% in the Anxiety-Trait scale. Domiciliary isolation was associated with a higher score in both scales. Changes in the cohabitants’ working situation was associated with a higher score in the Anxiety-State scale. With respect to the psychological impact perceived by participants during pandemic situation, 41.1% classified it as mild, 50% as moderate, and 8.9% as severe. Up to 71.8% of the participants suffered psychosomatic symptoms. A linear association was found between suffering from multiple psychosomatic symptoms and higher scores in both scales.
Conclusions: After the first pandemic wave pediatricians have suffered anxiety, which has caused physical and emotional discomfort. Personal circumstances have been the main worry of medical staff. Coexistence of various psychosomatic symptoms has been associated with higher anxiety levels.