Background: The use of condom is key in the global fight against HIV and AIDS, this helps to reduce the rate of infection and disease burden in the general Population. This underscores the need to intermittently study or assess level of compliance with the use of condom as a preventive measure.
Methods: The research was conducted to assess the level of compliance on condom use among HIV- infected discordant couples in Kaduna State Nigeria. The study was conducted in Antiretroviral (ART) treatment centers of 9 LGAs of the 23 LGAs in Kaduna State Nigeria. A total of 158 couples or 317 individuals were recruited for the study. A detailed questionnaire was used to collect data on demographics, the use of condom and practice of unprotected sex.
Discussion: The results obtained in the study shows that majority of the respondents 225(71%) were Christians, and majority 224(70.7%) were unemployed. Most of the respondents 230(72.6%) never used condom while 87(27.4%) used condom. The study also revealed that Educational status of respondents had strong association to their perceived attitude towards use of condom during sex (p- value 0.009) while attitude towards practice of unprotected sex was statistically insignificant (p-value 0.404). There is need to improve on educational coverage for the entire population in order to mitigate the scourge of HIV transmission.