Background: Hepatic compartment syndrome (HCS) is a complication of nonoperative management in patients with blunt hepatic injury. Although decompression of elevated intrahepatic pressure through surgical exploration or drainage and hemorrhage control are required to manage this condition, evidence for such a management for this complication is insufficient. Herein, we report a pediatric patient treated with a planned combination strategy of surgical decompression with perihepatic packing to reduce intrahepatic pressure and subcapsular hemorrhage control as well as angioembolization to control intraparenchymal hemorrhage.
Case presentation: A 12-year-old boy was referred to our emergency department 5 h after sustaining severe bruising in the upper abdomen in a traffic accident. Computed tomography (CT) showed an intraparenchymal hematoma in the right lobe of the liver; nonoperative management was selected based on stable hemodynamic status. Two days after the injury, he complained of severe abdominal pain and shock. CT showed an intraparenchymal and large subcapsular hematoma with right branch compression of the portal vein and extravasation of contrast material. Laboratory data showed progression of hepatocellular damage. We successfully managed this patient with a planned combination strategy of surgical decompression with perihepatic packing for reduction of intrahepatic pressure and subcapsular hemorrhage control, followed by angioembolization for control of intraparenchymal hemorrhage.
Conclusion: Our study suggests that for the management of HCS, a planned combination strategy of damage control surgery and angioembolization is a therapeutic option.