Inadequate infant feeding practices are determined by economic, cultural, social, and educational factors. Cruz et al. reported that some women, when they are expecting a new product, suspended BF of the previous son because they considered that their milk could be a poison this child; another study found that some mothers associated BF with diarrhea and weight loss in children. As in other publications, the women in the present study stop breastfeeding because they considered that milk production was insufficient for the baby (Zaragoza Cortes et al., 2019).
The introduction of solid foods at three months of age coincides with other studies (Lindsay et al., 2008; Mennella et al., 2005; Zaragoza Cortes et al., 2019). The criterion of indigenous mothers for the early introduction of complementary foods agrees with other studies where women started complementary feeding when the child showed interest in the food that someone eats. Heinig et al. reported that women with Mexican-American children responded to feeling about the moment to introduce new foods (Heinig et al., 2006; Heinig et al., 2009). Studies in the Latino population mention that mothers introduce foods other than milk when they perceive that the supply of breast milk is insufficient and children lose weight (Sacco et al., 2006) (Lindsay et al., 2008). The present work shows that some health professionals, especially doctors, indicated complementary feeding before three months.
With respect to the preparation of complementary foods, indigenous women preferred hot or crushed preparations, which differs with other studies where thick preparations are preferred due that represent more food, and so a greater caloric intake (Zaragoza Cortes et al., 2019). Although it is recommended not to season foods at this stage (Alvisi et al., 2015; Romero-Velarde et al., 2016), most of the indigenous women added salt or sugar to the children's food, considering that it improved the taste, and therefore the acceptance. In addition, indigenous mothers offered high-sugar commercial foods such as soft drinks and yogur to drink, as well as Hispanic women in other countries who provide their children with more sugary foods compared to other ethnic groups (Mennella et al., 2006). This study has some limitations, first of all the complexity of data collection due to the lack of standardized and validated instruments, coupled with language difficulties.
In conclusion, although the indigenous women had received nutritional guidance, it did not induce a correct infant feeding. This study suggests developing programs focused on indigenous Mexican populations to improve the nutritional status of children; Government interventions for minorities that respect cultural diversity, making proper use of available resources and food.