Background: The six-month exclusive breastfeeding rate in the Northeast region of Thailand has recently significantly decreased in contrast to all other regions in Thailand. Facebook is world widely use to increase that knowledge, attitude and behaviour to support breastfeeding. Therefore, the aim of this study is to test the effectiveness of using 6-month breastfeeding program for father via Facebook to knowledge, attitude, behavior of supporting of breastfeeding in low-income country.
Method: A quasi-experimental design was used. The study was carried out from September 2020 – August 2021. The data of experimental group and control group were conducted in two tertiary hospital in Khonkaen province, Northeast Thailand. The participants were husbands of postpartum mothers who were admitted to the Obstetrics ward , Khonkaen Hospital, 2A and 2B ward, Srinagarin Hospital. The demographic data were analyzed by distribution of frequency, mean, percentage and standard deviation. The t-test were used to analyse the mean score of knowledge, attitude and behaviour of father by SPSS version 27.
Results: 72 father were included. The different mean score of knowledge, attitude, behaviors of father to support the EBF among baseline and 6-month were shown. In intervention group, the different mean score of knowledge among baseline and 6-month was significant at P-value 0.01. The mean of knowledge at 6 months (mean=19.78, SD=5.50) was higher than the mean of knowledge baseline (mean=16.42, SD=4.22). Similarly, the different mean score of attitudes among baseline and 6-month was significant at P-value 0.14. The mean of attitude at 6-month (mean=108.03, SD=19.89) was higher than the mean of behaviour at baseline (mean=101.81, SD=17.99). In addition, the different score of behaviour among baseline (mean=65.86, SD=7.01) and 6-month (mean=68.58, SD=10.42) was significant at P-value=0.16. The mean score of behavior at baseline is lower than the mean of behaviour at 6 months. In control group, these is only the different mean of behavior baseline and 6-month was significant at P-value=0.00.
Conclusions: This confirm that FB is good platform to transfer the breastfeeding knowledge to father in low income country. In the future, this program can be improved and test in other country that has the same condition.