Background: Despite its rapid development, the costs of crop artificial light source technology are still high. In addition, both the luminous efficiency and photosynthetic light supplement efficiency of the light source require further improvement. This study aims to improve the photosynthetic light supplement efficiency by altering the luminescence mode of the light source, transforming the conventional continuous supplementary light source into a pulse light source, and exploring how to further reduce energy consumption and improve the light supplement efficiency without influencing the light supplement effect of Lettuce.
Results: For this purpose, Lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) was selected as the experimental material to investigate the effects of varying the duty ratio, frequency and dark duration on the Pn (net photosynthetic rate) of leaves. The results revealed that Pn values under each duty ratio treatment increased with frequency and gradually stabilized to a level similar to that of continuous light. At higher duty ratios, the lettuce leaf Pn under pulse light reached a stable state at a lower frequency, with Pn leveling showing an overall upward trend with the decreasing dark period duration and a large increase in the early stage. For dark period durations lower than a certain value (0.000683594 s), variations in Pn among treatments were minimal, with a gradual increasing trend until no significant differences are observed with continuous light (CK); Under the D3 (weak light) condition, plants were easy to spindling(excessive growth)and exhibited narrow and slender leaves. Plants under the D2 condition (The duration period duration was 0.000465468s) presented the strongest roots and stems, with wide leaves and a compact growth. The following trend in Pn was observed across all duty ratios D2>D1 (0.000046547s)>CK>D3 (0.004654685s).
Conclusions: The dominant influencing factor of the plant net photosynthetic rate was determined as the ratio of the frequency and duty ratio (i.e., dark period duration). Compared with continuous light, pulsed light is more beneficial to plant growth and utilization.