Analytical study of the impulse moment influences on the nonlinear torsional oscillations in the homogeneous constant cross-section of a body under classical boundary conditions of the first, second, and third types has been developed. For the case when the elastic material properties meet the body close to the power law of elasticity, mathematical models of the process are obtained. They are the boundary value problems for an equation of hyperbolic type with a small parameter at the discrete right-hand side. The latter expresses the effect of pulse momentum on the oscillatory process. The peculiarities of resonant oscillations are established. Relative torsional oscillations of a nonlinear elastic body that rotates around the axis with a constant portable angular velocity are considered, taking into account the periodic action of pulse momentum acting in a fixed cross-section. The reliability of the obtained calculation formulas is confirmed.