The study of social capital has been widely adopted in various studies such as social, cultural, religious, and political issues. Social capital is a study known through the writings of Bourdieu, Putnam, Coleman, and Fukuyama  . Bourdieu defined social capital as a potential resource characterized by networks, relationships, and institutions . Meanwhile, Coleman introduced social capital to understand social action's theoretical orientation by linking the components from a sociological and economic perspective . Social capital is also considered a necessary prerequisite for creating proper and effective governance . Furthermore, Fukuyama said that prosperity and democracy, and society's competitiveness are determined by trust in the community. The concept of trust is used to assess the level of social capital  .
Social capital in the governance study has been positively associated with the idea of development to sustain and foster a participatory and adaptive form of government through government collaboration  . In addition, the study of social capital related to governance issues becomes crucial because policies are determined by the government or related authorities. It dramatically affects the quality of networks, social trust, and the cooperative attitude of the community towards government policies . So far, many studies on social capital have been carried out, including issues of social life, economy, public health, and civic participation  . However, there is still slight variation in research publications, especially on issues of governance. This situation makes literature study or literature review critical, especially in the bibliometric analysis  . Systematic tracing in this methodology also contributes to how the design in a study will be carried out.
Analysis in the bibliometric analysis is needed to compile and form a contribution position in research. A bibliometric study functions to review scientific literature and publication sources and increase accuracy, reducing researcher bias in literature reviews or publication documents . Bibliometric analysis is considered to influence the attitudes and interests of researchers in determining the design of future research . There are also other reviewing aspects in the bibliometric analysis, including thematic changes, writers or researchers, and productive institutions that have a role in developing research studies . In addition, the bibliometric analysis can form models and research collaborations globally . This tendency makes bibliometric analysis important, especially in research with a more relevant approach.
The purpose of this study is to try to fill in the shortcomings of previous studies by conducting a bibliometric analysis approach to the existing problems, specifically about global literature trends related to social capital and issues of governance. In line with that, two questions are formulated in this paper: (a) how does the contribution of authors, documents, and publication sources affect publication documents on social capital with the study of global governance? How to shape the contribution position by looking at research and publication trends globally? The answers to these two questions allow finding solutions to improve future research interests, trends, and results, specifically related to the study of social capital in governance issues.