Schisandrin (Sch) is a main bioactive component of Schisandra sphenanthera Rehd.et Wils. It has been reported that Sch could regulate inflammatory disease. This study evaluated the anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant effects effect of Sch on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced macrophages activation and acute kidney injury mice. Male Kunming mice were intraperitoneally injected with LPS (15 mg/kg) after administration of Sch (12.5, 25, 50 mg/kg) seven days for developing acute kidney injury vivo model. RAW264.7 macrophages were pretreatment Sch (10, 20, 40 µM) and administrated LPS (1 µg/ml) to create an in vitro injury model. ELISA results found that Sch administration reduced the production of inflammatory factors induced by LPS in kidney tissues and RAW264.7 macrophages. It has been observed that Sch alleviated oxidative stress by reducing the levels of reactive oxygen species, myeloperoxidase and malondialdehyde, and increasing the activity of superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase. Hematoxylin-eosin staining data suggested that Sch administration significantly reduced inflammatory cell infiltration and the kidney tissue damage induced by LPS. The blood urea nitrogen and creatinine levels were also reduced by Sch treatment. In addition, Western blot and immunohistochemical analysis showed that Sch up-regulated the expression of Nrf2 and HO-1, and decreased the expression of p-p38, p-JNK, p-ERK1/2, p-IκBα, p-NF-κBp65 and TLR4. The current research showed that Sch reduced LPS-induced acute kidney injury by inhibiting inflammation and oxidative stress, and provided insights into potential ways to treat AKI.