Alberti K G M M,Eckel Robert H,Grundy Scott M et al. Harmonizing the metabolic syndrome: a joint interim statement of the International Diabetes Federation Task Force on Epidemiology and Prevention; National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute; American Heart Association; World Heart Federation; International Atherosclerosis Society; and International Association for the Study of Obesity.[J] .Circulation, 2009, 120: 1640-5.
Lu Jieli,Wang Limin,Li Mian et al. Metabolic Syndrome Among Adults in China: The 2010 China Noncommunicable Disease Surveillance.[J] .J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab., 2017, 102: 507-515.
Ye Peiyu,Yan Yinkun,Ding Wenqing et al. [Prevalence of metabolic syndrome in Chinese children and adolescents: a Meta-analysis].[J] .Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi, 2015, 36: 884-8.
Gurka MJ, Guo Y, Filipp SL, DeBoer MD. Metabolic syndrome severity is significantly associated with future coronary heart disease in Type 2 diabetes. Cardiovascular diabetology. 2018;17:17
 DeBoer MD, Gurka MJ, Golden SH, Musani SK, Sims M, Vishnu A, et al. Independent Associations Between Metabolic Syndrome Severity and Future Coronary Heart Disease by Sex and Race. Journal of the American College of Cardiology. 2017;69:1204-5.
Lars Friberg, Gunnar F. Nordberg and Velimir B. Vouk. Hand book on the toxicology of metals: Edited by Elsevier/North Holland, Amsterdam. 1979. Pp. 709.
Yuan Yu,Xiao Yang,Yu Yanqiu et al. Associations of multiple plasma metals with incident type 2 diabetes in Chinese adults: The Dongfeng-Tongji Cohort.[J] .Environ. Pollut., 2018, 237: 917-925.
Hart E B,Steenbock H,Waddell J et al. Iron in nutrition. VII. Copper as a supplement to iron for hemoglobin building in the rat. 1928.[J] .J. Biol. Chem., 2002, 277: e22.
Yin Jiawei,Wang Xiaoqian,Li Shuzhen et al. Interactions between plasma copper concentrations and SOD1 gene polymorphism for impaired glucose regulation and type 2 diabetes.[J] .Redox Biol, 2019, 24: 101172.
Kaler Stephen G,ATP7A-related copper transport diseases-emerging concepts and future trends.[J] .Nat Rev Neurol, 2011, 7: 15-29.
Uauy R,Olivares M,Gonzalez M,Essentiality of copper in humans.[J] .Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 1998, 67: 952S-959S.
Olechnowicz J,Tinkov A,Skalny A et al. Zinc status is associated with inflammation, oxidative stress, lipid, and glucose metabolism.[J] .J Physiol Sci, 2018, 68: 19-31.
Bo Simona,Durazzo Marilena,Gambino Roberto et al. Associations of dietary and serum copper with inflammation, oxidative stress, and metabolic variables in adults.[J] .J. Nutr., 2008, 138: 305-10.
Klotz Lars-Oliver,Kröncke Klaus-Dietrich,Buchczyk Darius P et al. Role of copper, zinc, selenium and tellurium in the cellular defense against oxidative and nitrosative stress.[J] .J. Nutr., 2003, 133: 1448S-51S
Zhao Binghao,Deng Huan,Li Bo et al. Association of magnesium consumption with type 2 diabetes and glucose metabolism: A systematic review and pooled study with trial sequential analysis.[J] .Diabetes Metab. Res. Rev., 2020, 36: e3243.
Carrier Alice,Metabolic Syndrome and Oxidative Stress: A Complex Relationship.[J] .Antioxid. Redox Signal., 2017, 26: 429-431.
Freitas Erika P S,Cunha Aline T O,Aquino Sephora L S et al. Zinc Status Biomarkers and Cardiometabolic Risk Factors in Metabolic Syndrome: A Case Control Study.[J] .Nutrients, 2017, 9: undefined.
Qu Rongge,Jia Yubing,Liu Junyi et al. Dietary Flavonoids, Copper Intake, and Risk of Metabolic Syndrome in Chinese Adults.[J] .Nutrients, 2018, 10: undefined.
La Sang A,Lee June Young,Kim Do Hoon et al. Low Magnesium Levels in Adults with Metabolic Syndrome: a Meta-Analysis.[J] .Biol Trace Elem Res, 2016, 170: 33-42.
Yuan Yu., Xiao Yang., Feng Wei. et al. Plasma Metal Concentrations and Incident Coronary Heart Disease in Chinese Adults: The Dongfeng-Tongji Cohort. Environ. Health Perspect., 125(10), 107007. doi:10.1289/EHP1521
Green S B,How Many Subjects Does It Take To Do A Regression Analysis.[J] .Multivariate Behav Res, 1991, 26: 499-510.
Zimmet P, Alberti KG, Kaufman F, et al; IDF Consensus Group. The metabolic
syndrome in children and adolescents - an IDF consensus report. Pediatr Diabetes. 2007;8(5):299–306
Bárány Ebba,Bergdahl Ingvar A,Bratteby Lars-Eric et al. Trace element levels in whole blood and serum from Swedish adolescents.[J] .Sci. Total Environ., 2002, 286: 129-41.
Bulka Catherine M,Persky Victoria W,Daviglus Martha L et al. Multiple metal exposures and metabolic syndrome: A cross-sectional analysis of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011-2014.[J] .Environ. Res., 2019, 168: 397-405.
Abiaka Clifford,Olusi Samuel,Al-Awadhi Adel,Serum microminerals and the indices of lipid metabolism in an apparently healthy population.[J] .J. Clin. Lab. Anal., 2003, 17: 61-5.
Medeiros D,Pellum L,Brown B,Serum lipids and glucose as associated with hemoglobin levels and copper and zinc intake in young adults.[J] .Life Sci., 1983, 32: 1897-904.
Fan Yun,Zhang Chunlan,Bu Jin,Relationship between Selected Serum Metallic Elements and Obesity in Children and Adolescent in the U.S.[J] .Nutrients, 2017, 9: undefined.
Klevay, L.M., et al., Increased cholesterol in plasma in a young man during experimental copper depletion. Metabolism: clinical and experimental, 1984. 33(12): p. 1112-1118.
Ghasemi Asghar,Zahediasl Saleh,Hosseini-Esfahani Firoozeh et al. Gender differences in the relationship between serum zinc concentration and metabolic syndrome.[J] .Ann. Hum. Biol., 2014, 41: 436-42.
Seo Jin-A,Song Sang-Wook,Han Kyungdo et al. The associations between serum zinc levels and metabolic syndrome in the Korean population: findings from the 2010 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.[J] .PLoS ONE, 2014, 9: e105990.
Cai Lu,Li Xiao-Kun,Song Ye et al. Essentiality, toxicology and chelation therapy of zinc and copper.[J] .Curr. Med. Chem., 2005, 12: 2753-63.
Sukalski K A,LaBerge T P,Johnson W T,In vivo oxidative modification of erythrocyte membrane proteins in copper deficiency.[J] .Free Radic. Biol. Med., 1997, 22: 835-42.
Inutsuka S,Araki S,Plasma copper and zinc levels in patients with malignant tumors of digestive organs: clinical evaluation of the Cu/Zn ratio.[J] .Cancer, 1978, 42: 626-31.
Serum Concentration of Zinc, Copper, Selenium, Manganese, and Cu/Zn Ratio in Children and Adolescents with Myopia.[J] .Biol Trace Elem Res, 2017, 176: 1-9
Singh R B,Rastogi S S,Mani U V et al. Does dietary magnesium modulate blood lipids?[J] .Biol Trace Elem Res, 1991, 30: 59-64.
Ju Sang-Yhun,Choi Whan-Seok,Ock Sun-Myeong et al. Dietary magnesium intake and metabolic syndrome in the adult population: dose-response meta-analysis and meta-regression.[J] .Nutrients, 2014, 6: 6005-19.
Dibaba D T,Xun P,Fly A D et al. Dietary magnesium intake and risk of metabolic syndrome: a meta-analysis.[J] .Diabet. Med., 2014, 31: 1301-9.
Beydoun May A,Gary Tiffany L,Caballero Benjamin H et al. Ethnic differences in dairy and related nutrient consumption among US adults and their association with obesity, central obesity, and the metabolic syndrome.[J] .Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 2008, 87: 1914-25.