Background: In recent years, aesthetic dentistry has become a major focus for the public. Facial attractiveness plays a key role on modern society and the creation of harmonious smile is an aim for every dentist.
The aim of this study was to define certain values of the inter-incisive index in South Bulgarians, the sexual dimorphism and bilateral asymmetry and to verify differences of this index between Bulgarians and other Balkan populations.
Materials and methods: The present study included 86 males and 83 females of Bulgarian origin living in South Bulgaria aged 20-40 years. Mesiodistal dimensions of maxillary central and lateral incisors were measured by Dentistry Sliding Vernier Caliper. We used the technique of Martin-Saller, modified by Prof. Y. Yordanov. We calculated the inter-incisive index as ratio of the mesiodistal dimension of maxillary lateral incisor to the mesiodistal dimension of the maxillary central incisor. The measurements were analyzed with SPSS 23. The level of statistical significance was set at P< 0.05.
Results: The inter-incisive index showed no statistically significant differences between left and right side of the dental arch in both sexes. We did not find statistically significant differences between males and females as well. On the other hand we found statistically significant differences in MD values of incisors between Bulgarians and other Balkan nations.
Conclusion: Inter-incisive index shows no sexual dimorphism and bilateral asymmetry in South Bulgarians. This can be helpful in aesthetic dentistry, in prosthodontics and in orthodontic treatment planning.