Randomized, controlled, clinical, interventional, observational, longitudinal, cross-sectional, case-control, cohort?
Understanding what goes into a clinical trial can help you know how to interpret the results. The definition of a clinical trial from the World Health Organization (WHO) is:
2020 has been a banner year for open access and open scholarship, and it isn’t even over yet. Throughout the world, major institutions in research, higher education, philanthropy, and even publishing are thrusting the open access movement forward, while building a structural framework for equity and inclusion along the way.
In celebration of Open Access Week 2020 and its theme, “Open with Purpose: Taking Action to Build Structural Equity and Inclusion,” we’ve collected and summarized some of the most significant stories of this eventful year.
Powerful U.S. Research Funder Unveils Strict Open-Access Policy
This year, the Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI), a biomedical research organization with more than $20 billion in net assets, joined Plan S and became the second major funder in the United States (after the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation) to require immediate open access for papers produced through its sponsored research. This is significant, as HHMI’s new policy energized support for Plan S and brought momentum to the open access movement in the U.S. It’s also significant, because this translates to many new open access papers. HHMI awarded more than $760 million for biomedical research in its 2019 fiscal year alone. Read the full story at nature.com.
Huge Open-Access Journal Deal Inked by University of California and Springer Nature
In June of this year, the University of California (UC) system signed the biggest open-access deal to date in North America with Springer Nature. The comprehensive deal with the academic publisher gives UC universities access to 1000 more journals than its current contract. It also supports immediate open access for all articles published by UC authors across 2700 Springer Nature journals and incorporates plans for the Nature Research subscription journals, including Nature. Signalling increasing global momentum and support for the open access movement, this deal marked a significant milestone in the adoption of open-access subscription models in North America, where institutions still typically purchase subscription-based access. View the full story on sciencemag.org.
Will the Pandemic Permanently Alter Scientific Publishing?
A trend toward open science has been slowly gaining momentum in recent years, but the COVID-19 pandemic truly brought this trend into overdrive. Since February, preprint servers have exploded with preliminary biomedical and clinical research open for anyone to review. Journal editors peer-reviewed and published many of these papers in record time. And publishers took down the paywallon peer-reviewed coronavirus research, making it all open access. This unprecedented cooperation between the publishing and scientific community has underscored just how fast science can move when research is made freely accessible, and this model for cooperation will likely expand even after the pandemic ends. Read the full story on nature.com.
MIT Terminates Elsevier Contract Over Open Access Dispute
Last year, the University of California system made history by terminating its contract with Elsevier, in large part over issues with open access. This year, another major academic institution, MIT, followed suit, claiming the publisher’s proposal did not align with the MIT Framework for Publisher Contracts. This framework--which advocates free, immediate, and global open access to research, as well as more power to authors and their funders--was endorsed by more than 100 institutions for its potential to advance open scholarship. This story underscores the growing movement toward open access and the purpose behind it: to build structural equity and inclusion in the scholarly community and beyond. Learn more at newsbreak.com.
Open-Access Science Funders Announce Price Transparency Rules for Publishers
This year, cOAlition S, the international group of organizations, research agencies, and foundations behind the Plan S initiative, unveiled a new rule that will help make open-access page charges more transparent. Starting in 2022, COAlition S member organizations will require all publishers to give a breakdown of their open-access pricing before they are paid. Among the requirements: publishers must privately disclose to funders the costs behind proofreading, copy editing, organizing peer review, and other steps of the publishing process. This story is representative of the growing unity and resolve behind the movement toward transparency and equity in open access. Access the full article at sciencemag.org.
Phil Bogdan, MBC, is Communications Manager for Research Square Company.