Ethics approval and consent to participate
Protocols to collect archived patients’ records including a request to waive consent were submitted to the research ethics committee of School of Biomedical Sciences, Makerere University (SBS-216). The protocol was also submitted to Uganda National Council of Science and Technology (HS1727).Data was collected after approval and waiver of consent were obtained.
Consent for publication
Availability of data and material
The data sets supporting the conclusions of this article are included within the article and its additional files.
The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
The work was supported by Grant Number 5R24TW008886 supported by OGAC, NIH, and HRSA. The work and its contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of the supporting offices. The funding body did not have any active participation in any of the research processes.
CLM conceived and refined the research idea, drafted the initial proposal, and was involved in the whole research process till drafting of the manuscript. AK was instrumental in devising the research methodology and contributed to the drafting of the manuscript. CK made radiological assessments and was a major contributor in the manuscript writing. IGM and WB were involved in drafting and critically analysing the manuscript for publication. All co-authors gave the final approval of the version to be published.
The primary author, Catherine Lutalo Mwesigwa and co-authors – Annet M. Kutesa, Ian Munabi and William Buwembo are NURTURE Grant fellows under NIH grant D43TW010132. Special thanks go to Dr. James Magara, Dr. Tom Mutyabule and Dr. Aisha Bataringaya-Sekalala and their clinic staff for providing the necessary patient information.
CLM - BDS, MDPPH, MSc (Human Anatomy). Lecturer, Department of Dentistry, Makerere University.
AMK - BDS, PhD fellow, Senior Lecturer, Department of Dentistry, Makerere University
IGM - MBChB, MSc (Human Anatomy), PhD. Assistant Lecturer, Department of Anatomy, Makerere University
CAK - BDS, MSc (Dental Radiology), Specialist Radiologist, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Mulago National Referral Hospital.
WB - BDS, MSc (Human Anatomy), PhD, Senior Lecturer, Chair Department of Anatomy, Makerere University