Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) includes symptoms of thermosensory impairment, which are reported to involve changes in the expression or function, or both, of nociceptive TRPV1 and TRPA1 channels in rodents. In the present study, we did not find changes in the expression or function of TRPV1 or TRPA1 in DPN mice, although thermal hypoalgesia was observed in a murine model of DPN or TRPV1–/– mice with a plantar test, which specifically detects temperature avoidance. With a Thermal Gradient Ring in which mice can move freely in a temperature gradient, temperature preference can be analyzed, and we clearly discriminated the temperature-dependent phenotype between DPN and TRPV1–/– mice. Accordingly, we propose approaches with multiple behavioral methods to analyze the progression of DPN by response to thermal stimuli. Attention to both thermal avoidance and preference may provide insight into the symptoms of DPN.