Anemia is defined as reduction in the amount of red blood cells (RBCs). Simply, it means that decrease of red blood cells cause decrease in the level of hemoglobin which is termed as “anemia”. Since, hemoglobin is responsible for carrying oxygen to different parts of body; therefore, reduction in the hemoglobin level leads to “anemia”. Iron deficiency anemia is a foremost cause of several diseases and increased mortality across the globe and affects up to two-third of children in all over the World. . Infant and young children aged 6–18 months are particularly defenseless to iron- deficiency anemia because they have higher requirement for iron due to their growing age . The observations are that the marketable food strengthening works well to stop deficiencies, and the fortify-cants must not eventually change the color, surface, or flavor of the food to which they are included . In 2002 iron deficiency anemia was considered one of the high rated contributing factors to the problem of anemia prevailing on World level . A recent report by the WHO on the worldwide prevalence of anemia to describe thoughtfully geographic differences as if there are certainly many reasons for the differences across space, one important closed relation is income. As incomes rise in any given region/country, the number of individuals having the disease of anemia typically falls . Given the un-exceeded economic growth in China over the past few decades, and the rising incomes that have occupied this growth  one might expect health outcomes to have also improved. It is estimated that approximately 750 million children are affected by Iron deficiency anemia (IDA). This is most common in children and women in developing countries. It is believed that 700,000 children aged 1–2 years are iron deficient (ID) and 240,000 have iron deficiency anemia (IDA). There are many causes of anemia but the common causes are the deficiency of essential nutrients as Iron, Vitamin B12 and Folic acid. Other factors include blood loss, repeated pregnancy in women, worm infection, hemolysis, suppression of red corpuscles synthesis by bone marrow and gastrointestinal blood loss  The iron deficiency causes microcytic anemia but folic acid, vitamin B12, hyperthyroidism and liver disease cause macrocytic anemia. Some other diseases like diarrhea, filariasis, and parasitic infection that cause blood loss also result in anemia. The cut-off value for hemoglobin level is varying by age, physiological status and race. The Recommended cut-off value for anemia in children aged from 06–59 months is 110 g/L, 5–11 years 115 g/L, 12–14 years 120 g/L, adult males 130 g/L . Anemia is currently estimated to impact a quarter of the world’s population . Anemia has been shown to contribute to mortality; a recent meta-analysis of nearly 12,000 children from six African countries aged 28 days to 12 years indicates that for each 1 g/dL increase in Hb, the risk of death falls by 24% . The global frequency of Anemia in the general population is 24.8%. It is anticipated that 1,620 million people are affected by the disease of anemia, globally . A deficiency in the supply or quality of blood may cause disturbance in the quality of life and can even be a greater risk for life itself. Anemia is a condition in which blood of anemic person has least enough level of hemoglobin (Hb) or red blood cells (RBCs). Anemia has many causes as researched by the experienced and professionals of the field, due to any reason stated above. One of the most common causes is an insufficient in-take of “iron” in routine diet. Iron-Deficiency Anemia is a situation where a person has insufficient amount of iron in the blood to meet up the body demands. Iron Deficiency Anemia is the most common cause of nutritional or dietary anemia in the world. Children aged between 6–24 months are at higher risk, but risk is for the children of entire preschool age group, especially in underdeveloped and developing countries. The prevalence of anemia varies significantly by sex and age with an estimated prevalence in the most vulnerable populations ranging from 47% in pre- school children (PSC), 42% in pregnant women, 30% in non-pregnant women, and 25% in school aged children (SAC). Across age groups, long-term anemia is associated with loss of productivity from impaired work capacity, cognitive impairment, and increased susceptibility to infection . According to a current region and country survey, Iron Deficiency Anemia is very common among the children of < 5 years of age. Anemia is one of the most common nutritional problems in many parts of the world, especially in less developed and developing countries. A major health effect of anemia includes impaired mental and physical development in children suffered from anemia. Less intake of iron-rich food is a risk factor for the targeted group of SAC. Other consequences include concentrated work capacity in adults and higher risk of maternal and child mortality and morbidity and bad pregnancy outcome. Anemia is clear and distinct according to World Health Organization (WHO) cut-offs as Hb level < 12.0 g/dL for female children and < 12.0 g/dL for male children under 15 years old or 13 g/dL for male children aged 15 years and over. Mild anemia was defined as Hb levels between 9.0 g/dL and the cut-off points, moderate anemia is Hb 7.0–8.9 g/dL and severe anemia is Hb < 7.0 g/dL.. In children, anemia can negatively affect mental and physical growth, mental caliber, school performance and immunity . In the children of preschool and school, an estimated 2.00 billion people globally are affected with the disease of “anemia”. Mostly Youngsters are unprotected to this disease due to their rapid growth and higher need of iron. Therefore, it is a critical health concern because it affects mental growth and physical capabilities. It has also been linked with functional abnormalities .The consequences of anemia can be quite cruel and are most of the time irreversible, affecting both human and socioeconomic health conditions of the region including individuals and families. Meek moderate anemia is a cause to weakened immunity, reduction in work capacity, least mental ability and an overall decreased standard of life. Severe anemia (Hb < 70 g/L) reduces a woman’s capability to endure bleeding, during the time of child- birth and afterwards. It is also considered a main cause of motherly morbidity and mortality, particularly in the under developed world .Anemia during aberration is also associated with higher risk of premature delivery and lower birth-weight resulting in an increase in rate of death . Later on mental growth and limitation in spiritual development is also a major concern in children and childhood .The condition which is determined by the expected usual range of hemoglobin in people, and is defined as obtainable in a person whose hemoglobin concentration (Hb) has fallen underneath a threshold lying at two standard deviations underneath the median for a healthy population with the same demographic characteristics, including age, sex and pregnancy status . Although there are certainly many reasons for the differences across space, one important correlate is income. As incomes rise in any given region/country, the number of persons with anemia naturally falls .Given the extraordinary economic growth in China over the past few decades, and the rising incomes that have accompanied this growth . One might expect health outcomes to have also improved. Yet paradoxically in China, a number of indicators suggest that health and nutrition problems persist across the country . There are signs that China’s health system has not been flourishing in expelling many diseases and states that consist of anemia–that naturally affect countries at earlier stages of development. For example, intestinal worms still are found in large parts of China’s countryside population  and there are reports of continued vitamin A deficiency  Previous studies suggest that iron-deficiency anemia among rural areas of the population is still a widespread problem in China, especially in poor areas . Anemia is a general problem in early age group in many developing countries with an estimated occurrence of 43% (Seshadri, 1997). In pre-school and school children, an estimated 2.00 billion people globally are affected with anemia. Young people are more accessible to this disease due to their rapid growth which needs high concentration of iron. Therefore, it is a critical health concern because it affects growth and physical performance. It has also been related with abnormalities of lymphocytes and neutrophils . Hemoglobin is the stuff in red blood cells that carries oxygen to the cells of the body. The body’s cells need oxygen to work and enable a person to carry out all physical and mental activities. When hemoglobin levels are low down, as in a person who is suffering with anemia, less quantity of oxygen reaches the cells to help the body’s activities being accomplished. Such a situation compels the heart and lungs to work harder to recompense for the blood’s low ability to carry oxygen. In normal individuals, 2:3 of total body iron is available for hemoglobin formation. The left over 1/3 gets deposited as hemosiderin and ferritin .