To define the critical criterion between tensile failure and shear failure of Brazilian disc is crucial for determination of tensile strength under combination of tensile and compressive stresses. Although Griffith's tensile failure criterion is consistent with theoretical solution of radial splitting disc, there are still some shortcomings in which the compression-tension ratio is regarded as a constant and the critical criterion only depend on single parameter of tensile strength. Therefore a critical criterion for tensile-shear failure including tensile truncation was proposed firstly based on Mohr-Coulomb criterion. Then, a new calculation method of shear strength parameters was deduced based on the critical state stress circle. Finally, effective diameter and range of compression-tension ratio of Brazilian disc under tensile failure are proposed, and failure process of Brazilian disc from meso to macro is carried out based on numerical simulation. The results show that the modified Mohr-Coulomb criterion can be determined by two indexes of compressive strength and tensile strength. The deduced compression-tension ratio is in good agreement with experiment results. The accuracy of tensile strength test results is closely related to this ratio. When the ratio is greater than 6, failure of rock can be regarded as ideal tensile failure. If the ratio is less than 6, wedge-shape failure in loading area is the main failure type. On this condition, even if radial crack occurs, it is still not considered to be caused by pure tension.