Coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19) remains a serious health threat worldwide. It is crucial to explore effective treatment measures that reduce mortality. Our aim was to investigate whether low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) can reduce organ injury in patients with Covid-19 pneumonia.
A retrospective study was conducted at the Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center. We initiated a LMWH protocol from January 18th 2020. LMWH was injected subcutaneously at 4100U per day until the D-dimer(DD) level returned to normal, or 5-7 days after admission, whichever occurred first. Admitted patients who received LMWH between January 18th and February 17th 2020 were assigned to the LMWH group. Patients admitted between January 18th and February 17th who did not receive LMWH anticoagulant therapy were the control group. All patients in both groups were aged >18 years, were not pregnant, had no tumors and were in accordance with the following inclusion criteria: 1) DD increased on admission; 2) Body mass index(BMI) >30; 3) History of diabetes. The exclusion criteria were: 1) Platelets <30x109/L or fibrinogen <150 mg/dL; 2) Pregnancy and lactation; 3) Presence of blood system diseases; 4) Immunosuppression; 5) Diseases with a potential risk of bleeding; 6) Receiving anticoagulant drugs or antiplatelet drugs during treatment. General clinical information, indicators for renal function, arterial blood gas analyses and blood lactic acid content were recorded in the two groups 0 (Day 0), 3 (Day 3), 7 (Day 7), and 11 (Day 11) and 15 (Day 15) days after admission.
There were 48 patients in the LMWH group and 74 patients in the control group. General information, including age, gender, co-existing diseases and onset-to-admission time in both groups was similar. Compared to the control group, LMWH treatment improved the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) reduced the serum creatinine level (Scr), blood urea nitrogen (BUN)，arterial blood carbon dioxide partial pressure (PaCO2) and arterial blood lactic acid content. However, LMWH treatment reduced arterial oxygen partial pressure (PaO2) and arterial oxygen saturation (SaO2).
LMWH might be beneficial to improve renal function, CO2 discharge and microcirculation during the early phase of Covid-19 patients . Further randomized controlled trials(RCTs) are warranted in order to further investigate this issue.
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