The current depletion of high-quality coal seams, hard coal mining had become the norm, while the traditional mechanical cutting methods were inefficient. A multi-impact cutting technology was proposed, which was to design a hydraulic system inside the drum. A hydraulic control system was formed by the hydraulic impact pick driver set by the ranging arm and the cutting motor to realize the reciprocating impact movement of multiple picks. The impact of picks was used to make the coal synchronously pre-crack, thereby reducing the difficulty of hard seam mining. In this paper, by analyzing the working process of the multi-impact drum, the corresponding mechanical model was established and the overall research plan was determined. A simplified drum model was established using CATIA, a coal model was established in EDEM based on the physical and mechanical properties of hard coal, and a simulation experiment composed of the cutting drum and coal model was based on orthogonality. The test method explored the working performance of the multi-impact drum under the action of multiple factors in cutting different media, using different impact frequencies and different drum speeds. The results showed that the coal breaking rate was used as the evaluation index, the order of the influencing factors was: A>C>B (coal hardness> drum speed> impact frequency), and the optimal plan combination was A2B1C3 (coal wall hardness was f5, impact frequency was 4Hz, drum speed was 40r·min -1 ); taking cutting specific energy consumption as the evaluation index, the order of influencing factors was: C>A>B (drum speed>coal hardness>impact frequency), the optimal plan combination was A2B1C3 (coal wall hardness was f5, impact frequency was 4Hz, drum speed was 40r·min -1 ). The matrix analysis method was further introduced to calculate that the order of the influence of each factor on the index value of the orthogonal test was C>A>B (drum speed>coal hardness>impact frequency), when the coal hardness was f5, the impact frequency was 4Hz, and the drum speed was 40r·min -1 , the working performance of the multiimpact cutting drum was the best. Under the same working conditions (coal hardness was f5, drum speed was 40r·min -1 ), a comparative simulation experiment of the traditional drum was carried out. Compared with the simulation results, the coal falling amount of the multi-impact drum was about 24.86% higher than that of the traditional drum, and the cutting specific energy consumption of the multi-impact drum was 0.7423kW·h/m 3 , which was about 21.67% lower than that of the traditional drum. Finally, a simplified multi-impact drum industrial cutting test was carried out. The test results showed that the cutting resistance of the multi-impact drum was about 17.22% lower than when there was no impact. Considering that the simplified multi-impact cutting drum had a reduced impact pre-cracking effect on the coal, it can be considered that the results of the industrial test and the discrete element simulation test were still relatively consistent. The multi-impact cutting drum had good working performance under hard coal conditions.