Hyperadrenocorticism is one of the most common endocrine diseases in dogs. In humans, it is clearly associated with a higher risk of cardiovascular events, but studies in dogs are scarce. To investigate the arrhythmogenic risk of dogs with hyperadrenocorticism, indices of variability and instability of the QT interval were studied in 38 dogs with hyperadrenocorticism and in 12 healthy dogs: variance (QTv), total instability (TI), short-term (STI) and long-term (LTI), and mean (QTm). Except for QTm, all parameters studied were higher in the hyperadrenocorticism group than in the control group. In addition, STI and QTv showed moderate positive correlation with left ventricle wall thickness. To a better understanding on the effect of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis on ventricular repolarization, the hyperadrenocorticism group was subdivided according to the percentage of variation in plasma cortisol concentration (<30.1%; 30.1-60%; >60%) 8 hours after low-dose administration of dexamethasone. There was statistical difference in QTv, TI and LTI indices between the control group and the <30.1% and >60% groups, and in STI index between the control group and the >60% group. There was no statistical difference between sex groups in any of the electrocardiographic parameters studied. This result may indicate that the etiology of hyperadrenocorticism, and its consequent influence on hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis could interfere on the heterogeneity of ventricular repolarization parameters in different ways, especially in the short-term stability; however further studies are necessary to understand the role of cortisol on electrical instability in dogs.