Background: The pathogen of banana Fusarium oxysporum race 4 (Foc4) infects almost all banana species, and it is the most destructive. The molecular mechanism of the interactions between Fusarium oxysporum and banana still needs to be further investigated.
Methods: We use both the homology-interolog and domain-domain method to predict the protein-protein interactions (PPIs) between banana and Foc4. The predicted protein interaction sequences are encoded by the conjoint triad and autocovariance method respectively to obtain continuous and discontinuous information of protein sequences. This information is used as the input data of the neural network model. The Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) neural network five-fold cross-validation and independent test methods are used to verify the predicted protein interaction sequences. To further confirm the PPIs between banana and Foc4, the Go functional annotation and interaction network analysis are carried out.
Results: The experimental results show that the PPIs for banana and foc4 predicted by our proposed method may interact with each other in terms of sequence structure and GO functional annotation, and Foc4 protein plays a more active role in the process of Foc4 infecting banana.
Conclusions: This study obtained the PPIs between banana and Foc4 by using computing means for the first time, which will provide data support for molecular biology experiments.