Ahmadpoor, N., & Shahab, S. (2020). Realising the value of greenspace: A planners’ perspective on the COVID-19 pandemic. Town Planning Review, 92(1), 49–56. https://doi.org/10.3828/tpr.2020.37
Allam, Z., & Jones, D. S. (2020). Pandemic stricken cities on lockdown. Where are our planning and design professionals [now, then and into the future]? Land Use Policy, 97. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2020.104805
Altman, I. (1975). The environment and social behavior. Monterey, CA: Brooks-Cole.
Astell-Burt, T., & Feng, X. (2020). Greener neighbourhoods, better memory? A longitudinal study. Health & Place, 65. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2020.102393
Berkman, L. F., Glass, T., Brissette, I., & Seeman, T. E. (2000). From social integration to health: Durkheim in the new millennium. Social Science & Medicine, 51, 843-857. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0277-9536(00)00065-4
Brooks, S. K., Webster, R. K., Smith, L. E., Woodland, L., Wessely, S., Greenberg, N., et al. (2020). The psychological impact of quarantine and how to reduce it: Rapid review of the evidence. The Lancet, 395(10227), 912–920. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(20)30460-8
Cacioppo, J. T., & Hawkley, L. C. (2003). Social isolation and health, with an emphasis on underlying mechanisms. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine, 46(3), S39-S52.
Cavazza, N., Russo, S., Colloca, P., & Roccato, M. (2021). Household crowding can have political effects: An empirical study on support for anti-democratic political systems during the COVID-19 lockdown in Italy. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 76. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvp.2021.101628
Chan, S. M., Wong, H., Chung, R. Y. N., & Au-Yeung, T. C. (2020). Association of living density with anxiety and stress: A cross-sectional population study in Hong Kong. Health & social care in the community. https://doi.org/10.1111/hsc.13136
Chin, W. W. (1998). The partial least squares approach for structural equation modeling. In: Marcoulides, G.A. (Ed.), Methodology for Business and Management. Modern Methods for Business Research, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publisher, 295–336.
Cleary, A., Roiko, A., Burton N. W., Fielding, K. S., Murray, Z., & Turrell, G. (2019). Changes in perceptions of urban green space are related to changes in psychological well-being: Cross-sectional and longitudinal study of mid-aged urban residents. Health & Place, 59, 102201. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2019.102201
Cohen-Cline, H., Turkheimer, E., & Duncan, G. E. (2015). Access to green space, physical activity and mental health: A twin study. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, 69, 523–529. https://doi.org/10.1136/jech-2014-204667
Corley, J., Okely, J. A., Taylor, A. M., Page, D., Welstead, M., Skarabela, B., Redmond, P., Cox, S. R., & Russ, T. C. (2021). Home garden use during COVID-19: Associations with physical and mental wellbeing in older adults. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 73. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvp.2020.101545
De Vries, S., Van Dillen, S. M., Groenewegen, P. P., & Spreeuwenberg, P. (2013). Streetscape greenery and health: Stress, social cohesion and physical activity as mediators. Social Science & Medicine, 94, 26–33. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2013.06.030
Díaz de León-Martínez, L., Luz de la Sierra-de la Vega, Palacios-Ramírez, A., Rodriguez-Aguilar, M., & Flores-Ramírez, R. (2020). Critical review of social, environmental and health risk factors in the Mexican indigenous population and their capacity to respond to the COVID-19. Science of the Total Environment, 733. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.139357
Di Bartolomeo, G., & Papa, S. (2019). The effects of physical activity on social interactions: The case of trust and trustworthiness. Journal of Sports Economics, 20(1), 50–71. https://doi.org/10.1177/1527002517717299
Evans, G. W. (1979). Behavioral and physiological consequences of crowding in humans. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 9, 27-46. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1559-1816.1979.tb00793.x
Evans, G. W. (2003). The built environment and mental health. Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine, 80, 536-555.
Evans, G. W. (2006). Child development and the physical environment. Annual Review of Psychology, 57, 423-451. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.psych.57.102904.190057
Evans, G. W., & Lepore, S. J. (1993). Household crowding and social support: A quasi-experimental analysis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 65(2), 308–316. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-35126.96.36.1998
Evans, G. W., Wells, N. M., & Moch, A. (2003). Housing and mental health: A review of the evidence and a methodological and conceptual critique. Journal of Social Issues, 59, 475–500. https://doi.org/10.1111/1540-4560.00074
Evans, G. W., Lercher, P., & Kofler, W. W. (2002). Crowding and children’s mental health: The role of house type. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 22, 221–231. https://doi.org/10.1006/jevp.2002.0256
Ferrini, F., & Gori, A. (2021). Cities after covid-19: how trees and green infrastructures can help shaping a sustainable future. Ri-Vista. Research for Landscape Architecture, 19(1), 182-191. https://doi.org/10.13128/rv-8553
Fong, P., Cruwys, T., Haslam, C., & Haslam, S. A. (2019). Neighbourhood identification and mental health: How social identification moderates the relationship between socioeconomic disadvantage and health. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 61, 101-114. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvp.2018.12.006
Forsyth, A., Oakes, J. M., Schmitz, K. H., & Hearst, M. (2007). Does residential density increase walking and other physical activity? Urban Studies, 44, 679-697. https://doi.org/10.1080/00420980601184729
Gascon, M., Triguero-Mas, M., Martínez, D., Dadvand, P., Forns, J., Plas`encia, A., & Nieuwenhuijsen, M. J. (2015). Mental health benefits of long-term exposure to residential green and blue spaces: A systematic review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 12, 4354–4379. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph120404354
Gomez-Jacinto, L., & Hombrados-Mendieta, I. (2002). Multiple effects of community and household crowding. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 22, 233–246. https://doi. org/10.1006/jevp.23
Gorenko, J. A., Moran, C., Flynn, M., Dobson, K., & Konnert, C. (2021). Social isolation and psychological distress among older adults related to covid-19: A narrative review of remotely-delivered interventions and recommendations. Journal of Applied Gerontology, 40(1), 3-13. https://doi.org/10.1177/0733464820958550
Hadavi, S. (2017). Direct and indirect effects of the physical aspects of the environment on mental well-being. Environment and Behavior, 49(10), 1071–1104. https://doi.org/10.1177/0013916516679876
Hadavi, S., Kaplan, R., & Hunter, M. R. (2018). How does perception of nearby nature affect multiple aspects of neighbourhood satisfaction and use patterns? Landscape Research, 43(3), 360–379. https://doi.org/10.1080/01426397.2017.1314453
Hair, J. F., Ringle, C. M., & Sarstedt, M. (2011). PLS-SEM: indeed a silver bullet. Journal of Marketing Theory and Practice, 19(2), 139–151.
Hair, J.F.J., Hult, G.T.M., Ringle, C.M., & Sarstedt, M. (2017). A primer on partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM).
Hakovirta, M., & Denuwara, N. (2020). How COVID-19 redefines the concept of sustainability. Sustainability, 12(9), 3727. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12093727
Henseler, J., Ringle, C. M., & Sarstedt, M., (2015). A new criterion for assessing discriminant validity in variance-based structural equation modeling. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, 43 (1), 115–135.
Henseler, J., Ringle, C. M., & Sinkovics, R. R., (2009). The use of partial least squares path modeling in international marketing. Advances in International Marketing, Publisher: Emerald JAI Press, 277–319.
Hernandez, J. G. V., Pallagst, K., & Hammer, P. (2018). Urban green spaces as a component of an ecosystem functions, services, users, community involvement, initiatives and actions. International Journal of Environmental Sciences and Natural Resources, 8(1), 16. https://doi.org/10.5354/0717- 5051.2017.47057
Hu, M., Roberts, J. D., Azevedo, G. P., & Milner, D. (2021). The role of built and social environmental factors in Covid-19 transmission: A look at America’s capital city. Sustainable Cities and Society, 65, 102580. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scs.2020.102580
Hyun-Soo Kim, H., & Jung, J. H. (2021). Social isolation and psychological distress during the covid-19 pandemic: A cross-national analysis. The Gerontologist, 61(1), 103–113. https://doi.org/10.1093/geront/gnaa168
Jens, K., & Gregg, J. S. (2021). How design shapes space choice behaviors in public urban and shared indoor spaces- A review. Sustainable Cities and Society, 65, 102592. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scs.2020.102592
Jiang, B., He, J., Chen, J., Larsen, L., & Wang, H. (2021). Perceived green at speed: A simulated driving experiment raises new questions for attention restoration theory and stress reduction theory. Environment and Behavior, 53(3), 296-335. https://doi.org/10.1177/0013916520947111
Kaplan, S. (2001). Meditation, restoration, and the management of mental fatigue. Environment and Behavior, 33, 480–506. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/00139160121973106
Kaplan, G. T., & Rogers, L. J. (2003). Gene worship: Moving beyond the nature/nurture debate over genes, brain, and gender. Other Press, LLC.
Kessler, R.C., Andrews, G., Colpe, L.J., Hiripi, E., Mroczek, D.K., Normand, S-L.T., Walters, E.E. & Zaslavsky, A.M. (2002). Short screening scales to monitor population prevalence’s and trends in nonspecific psychological distress. Psychological Medicine, 32(6), 959-976.
Kim, Y. J., & Kang, S. W. (2021). Perceived crowding and risk perception according to leisure activity type during COVID-19 using spatial proximity. International journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(2), 457. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020457
Kim, G., & Miller, P. A. (2019). The impact of green infrastructure on human health and well-being: The example of the Huckleberry Trail and the Heritage Community Park and Natural Area in Blacksburg, Virginia. Sustainable Cities and Society, 48, 101562. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scs.2019.101562
Liu, L. (2020). Emerging study on the transmission of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) from urban perspective: Evidence from China. Cities, 103, 102759.
Mair, C., Diez Roux, A. V., & Morenoff, J. D. (2010). Neighborhood stressors and social support as predictors of depressive symptoms in the Chicago Community Adult Health Study. Health & Place, 16(5), 811–819. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2010.04.006
Marselle, M. R., Warber, S. L., & Irvine, K. N. (2019). Growing resilience through interaction with nature: Can group walks in nature buffer the effects of stressful life events on mental health? International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16, Article 986. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16060986
Mavoa, S., Davern, M., Breed, M., & Hahs, A. (2019). Higher levels of greenness and biodiversity associate with greater subjective wellbeing in adults living in Melbourne, Australia. Health & Place, 57, 321–329. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2019.05.006
Meagher, B. R., & Cheadle, A. D. (2020). Distant from others, but close to home: The relationship between home attachment and mental health during COVID-19. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 72. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvp.2020.101516.
Megahed, N. A., & Ghoneim, E. M. (2020). Antivirus-built environment: Lessons learned from Covid-19 pandemic. Sustainable Cities and Society, 61, 102350. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scs.2020.102350
Melo, M.C.A. & Soares, D. (2020). Impact of social distancing on mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic: An urgent discussion. International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 66(6), 625-626. https://doi.org/10.1177/0020764020927047
Nila K., Holt D.V., Ditzen B., & Aguilar-Raab C. (2016). Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) enhances distress tolerance and resilience through changes in mindfulness. Mental Health & Prevention, 4, 36–41. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mhp.2016.01.001
Nutsford, D., Pearson, A. L., & Kingham, S. (2013). An ecological study investigating the association between access to urban green space and mental health. Public Health, 127(11), 1005–1011.
Olszewska-Guizzo, A., Fogel, A., Escoffier, N., & Ho, R. (2021). Effects of COVID-19-related stay-at-home order on neuropsychophysiologiacal response to urban spaces: Beneficial role of exposure to nature? Journal of Environmental Psychology, 75. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvp.2021.101590
Ohly, H., White, M. P., Wheeler, B. W., Bethel, A., Ukoumunne, O. C., Nikolaou, V., et al. (2016). Attention restoration theory: A systematic review of the attention restoration potential of exposure to natural environments. Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Part B, 19(7), 305–343. https://doi.org/10.1080/10937404.2016.1196155
Olszewska-Guizzo, A., Sia, A., Fogel, A., & Ho, R. (2020). Can exposure to certain urban green spaces trigger frontal alpha asymmetry in the brain? preliminary findings from a passive task EEG study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17, 394.
Pakenham, K. I., Landi, G., Boccolini, G., Furlani, A., Grandi, S., & Tossani, E. (2020). The moderating roles of psychological flexibility and inflexibility on the mental health impacts of COVID-19 pandemic and lockdown in Italy. Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science, 17, 109-118. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcbs.2020.07.003
Pasion, R., Paiva, T. O., Fernandes, C., & Barbosa, F. (2020). The AGE effect on protective behaviors during the COVID-19 outbreak: Sociodemographic, perceptions and psychological accounts. Frontiers in Psychology, 11, 561785.
Pope, D., Tisdall, R., Middleton, J., Verma, A., Van Ameijden, E., Birt, C., & Bruce, N. G. (2018). Quality of and access to green space in relation to psychological distress: Results from a population-based cross-sectional study as part of the EURO-URHIS 2 project. The European Journal of Public Health, 28, 35–38. https://doi.org/10.1093/ eurpub/ckv094
Putra, G. N. E., Astell-Burt, T., Cliff, D. P., Vella, S. A., & Feng, X. (2021). Association between caregiver perceived green space quality and the development of prosocial behaviour from childhood to adolescence: Latent class trajectory and multilevel longitudinal analyses of Australian children over 10 years. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 74, 101579, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvp.2021.101579.
Rollings, K. A., & Evans, G. W. (2019). Design moderators of perceived residential crowding and chronic physiological stress among children. Environment and Behavior, 51(5), 590–621. https://doi.org/10.1177/0013916518824631
Sturm, R., & Cohen, D. (2014). Proximity to urban parks and mental health. Journal of Mental Health Policy Economics, 17 (1), 19.
Sugiyama, T., Leslie, E., Giles-Corti, B., et al. (2008). Associations of neighbourhood greenness with physical and mental health: do walking, social coherence and local social interaction explain the relationships? Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, 62(2). http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jech.2007.064287
Tahvonen, O., & Airaksinen, M. (2018). Low-density housing in sustainable urban planning – Scaling down to private gardens by using the green infrastructure concept. Land Use Policy, 75. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2018.04.017
Taylor, H. O., Taylor, R. J., Nguyen, A. W., & Chatters, L. (2016). Social isolation, depression, and psychological distress among older adults. Journal of Aging and Health, 30(2), 229-246. doi:10.1177/0898264316673511
Twohig-Bennett, C., & Jones, A. (2018). The health benefits of the great outdoors: A systematic review and meta-analysis of greenspace exposure and health outcomes. Environmental Research, 166, 628–637. https://doi.org/10.1016/j. envres.2018.06.030
Ulrich, R. S. (1983). Aesthetic and affective response to natural environment. In I. Altman, & J. F. Wohlwill (Eds.), Behavior and the natural environment (pp. 85–125). Springer US. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4613-3539-9_4
Ulrich, R. S., Simons, R. F., Losito, B. D., Fiorito, E., Miles, M.A., & Zelson, M. (1991). Stress recovery during exposure to natural and urban environments, Journal of Environmental Psychology, 11(3), 201-230. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0272-4944(05)80184-7.
Viezzer, J., & Biondi, D. (2021). The influence of urban, socio-economic, and eco-environmental aspects on COVID-19 cases, deaths and mortality: A multi-city case in the Atlantic Forest, Brazil. Sustainable Cities and Society, 69, 102859. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scs.2021.102859
Vine, I. (1981). Crowding and stress: 1. Review of variables and theories. Current Psychological Reviews, 1, 305–323. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02684491
Wan, C., & Shen, G. Q. (2015). Encouraging the use of urban green space: The mediating role of attitude, perceived usefulness and perceived behavioural control. Habitat International, 50, 130-139. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.habitatint.2015.08.010
Wang, D., Brown, G., Liu, Y., & Mateo-Babiano, I. (2015). A comparison of perceived and geographic access to predict urban park use. Cities, 42, 85-96. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cities.2014.10.003
Wells, N. M., & Harris, J. D. (2007). Housing quality, psychological distress, and the mediating role of social withdrawal: A longitudinal study of low-income women. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 27(1), 69-78. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvp.2006.11.002