Background: Many of severe COVID-19 patients are admitted to the hospital or even to the Intensive Care Unit(ICU). The present study was aimed to investigated the risk factors in death from COVID-19.
Methods: In this retrospective study, all inpatients confirmed severe or critical COVID-19 from two tertiary hospital in Huangshi were included, who had been discharged or died by March19,2020. Demographic,clinical,treatment,laboratory data and information were extracted from electronic medical records and compared between survivors group and non-survivors group. The univariable and multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the risk factors associated with in-hospital death.
Results: 81 patients were included in this study, of whom 55 were discharged and 26 died in hospital. In all patients, 36(44.4%) patients had comorbidity, including hypertension(27[33.3%]), diabetes(11[13.6%]) and coronary heart disease (CHD)(11[13.6%]), and 16(19.8%) patients accompanied with more than 2 kinds of underlying diseases. The proportion of CHD in non-survivors group was significantly higher than that in survivors group(26.9% vs 7.3%, P=0.032), but there were no differences in hypertension, diabetes and COPD between the non-survivors group and the survivors group. Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed increasing odds of in-hospital death associated with aspartate aminotransferase(AST) and invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV) (P<0.001)(P=0.017）.
Conclusions: Invasive Mechanical Ventilation may contribute to mortality of severe/critical COVID-19 pneumonia, and with higher AST at admission was one of the indicators of poor prognosis.
Trial registration: Chinese Clinical Trial Registration; ChiCTR2000031494; Registered 02 April 2020; http://www.medresman.org