The residue class set of a Lipschitz integer is constructed by modulo function with primitive Lipschitz integer whose norm is a prime integer, i.e. prime Lipschitz integer. In this study, we consider primitive Lipschitz integer whose norm is both a prime integer and not a prime integer. If the norm of each element of the residue class set of a Lipschitz integer is less than the norm of the primitive Lipschitz integer used to construct the residue class set of the Lipschitz integer, then, the Euclid division algorithm works for this primitive Lipschitz integer. The Euclid division algorithm always works for prime Lipschitz integers. In other words, the prime Lipschitz integers have the ”division with small remainder” property. However, this property is ignored in some studies that have a constructed Lipschitz residue class set that lies on primitive Lipschitz integers whose norm is not a prime integer. In this study, we solve this problem by defining Lipschitz integers that have the ”division with small remainder” property, namely, encoder Lipschitz integers set. Therefore, we can define appropriate metrics for codes over Lipschitz integers. Also, we investigate the performances of Lipschitz signal constellations (the left residue class set) obtained by modulo function with Lipschitz integers, which have the ”division with small remainder” property, over the additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) channel by agency of the constellation figure of merit (CFM), average energy, and signal-to-noise ratio (SNR).

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Posted 19 Dec, 2021

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Posted 19 Dec, 2021

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The residue class set of a Lipschitz integer is constructed by modulo function with primitive Lipschitz integer whose norm is a prime integer, i.e. prime Lipschitz integer. In this study, we consider primitive Lipschitz integer whose norm is both a prime integer and not a prime integer. If the norm of each element of the residue class set of a Lipschitz integer is less than the norm of the primitive Lipschitz integer used to construct the residue class set of the Lipschitz integer, then, the Euclid division algorithm works for this primitive Lipschitz integer. The Euclid division algorithm always works for prime Lipschitz integers. In other words, the prime Lipschitz integers have the ”division with small remainder” property. However, this property is ignored in some studies that have a constructed Lipschitz residue class set that lies on primitive Lipschitz integers whose norm is not a prime integer. In this study, we solve this problem by defining Lipschitz integers that have the ”division with small remainder” property, namely, encoder Lipschitz integers set. Therefore, we can define appropriate metrics for codes over Lipschitz integers. Also, we investigate the performances of Lipschitz signal constellations (the left residue class set) obtained by modulo function with Lipschitz integers, which have the ”division with small remainder” property, over the additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) channel by agency of the constellation figure of merit (CFM), average energy, and signal-to-noise ratio (SNR).

The full text of this article is available to read as a PDF.

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